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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Cape May County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Cape May County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
345,647
95,661
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
345,647
95,661
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
863,728
345,361
95,263
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
0.1%
0.4%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 345,361 95,263
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 323,444 97,265
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
4.8%
4.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
21.3%
17.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.2%
16.7%
28.2%
Female persons, percent
51.5%
50.7%
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
66.4%
91.7%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.6%
10.8%
4.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.4%
0.5%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.3%
20.1%
1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
2.2%
2.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.3%
15.8%
8.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.8%
52.8%
84.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 18,326 9,859 6,732
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 27.7% 25.9% 4.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 336,299 133,263 99,494
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 44.4% 75.7% 78.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $395,900 $436,700 $306,200
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,875 $2,795 $1,846
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,344 $1,194 $802
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,211 $1,636 $1,176
Building permits, 2021 3,417 1,261 917
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 290,680 119,721 40,670
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.67 2.72 2.22
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 89.6% 90.2% 88.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 36.5% 31.6% 8.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 91.1% 95.8% 93.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 82.5% 93.4% 87.0%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 86.7% 94.2% 93.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 36.3% 55.6% 33.6%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 7.8% 4.4% 10.1%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.4%
6.2%
8.8%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 65.6% 68.8% 56.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 61.5% 63.2% 52.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 941,735 757,023
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 2,963,162 467,660
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 705,004 23,129
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 6,750,809 1,935,515
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $20,417 $20,749
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 34.8 32.4 22.3
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $63,959 $116,510 $72,385
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $39,695 $58,021 $42,987
Persons in poverty, percent
14.3%
4.8%
9.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 18,974 9,773 3,729
Total employment, 2020 299,108 188,791 27,000
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 19,170,086 16,648,069 1,161,362
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1% -2.0% -2.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 75,412 29,016 8,698
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 8,671 3,450
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 5,563 2,043
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 1,383 773
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 2,088 180
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 5,538 3,042
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 329 144
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 7,237 2,960
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 1,144.1 378.7
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 1,071.7 386.9
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 301.87 251.52
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 301.81 251.43
FIPS Code 34013 34035 34009
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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