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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Ocean County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Ocean County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
572,114
648,998
129,924
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
854,917
572,114
648,998
129,924
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
863,728
575,345
637,229
128,947
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
-0.6%
1.8%
0.8%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 863,728 575,345 637,229 128,947
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 536,499 576,567 128,349
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
6.1%
7.2%
4.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
23.4%
24.8%
18.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.2%
14.9%
22.4%
20.1%
Female persons, percent
51.5%
50.7%
51.3%
50.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
66.8%
92.3%
89.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.6%
23.8%
3.8%
3.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.9%
0.3%
0.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.3%
6.0%
2.0%
4.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.1%
Z
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.5%
2.3%
1.5%
1.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
24.3%
33.6%
9.8%
7.8%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
29.8%
38.3%
83.7%
83.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 18,326 14,124 34,308 5,058
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 27.7% 30.1% 7.7% 10.2%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 336,299 211,074 295,584 51,915
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 44.4% 58.9% 80.3% 83.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $395,900 $378,700 $286,700 $418,700
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,875 $2,751 $2,050 $2,787
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,344 $1,241 $785 $1,153
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,211 $1,335 $1,459 $1,443
Building permits, 2021 3,417 3,207 3,758 688
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 290,680 191,862 229,454 47,647
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.67 2.86 2.59 2.54
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 89.6% 90.7% 90.2% 91.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 36.5% 44.2% 12.0% 12.9%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 91.1% 91.7% 90.5% 94.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 82.5% 86.7% 84.0% 91.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 86.7% 87.1% 92.4% 95.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 36.3% 37.1% 31.4% 54.0%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 7.8% 5.9% 7.2% 5.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.4%
13.2%
6.2%
5.1%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 65.6% 68.4% 58.5% 65.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 61.5% 63.1% 54.8% 62.3%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,883,319 1,158,054 1,114,823 256,520
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,098,958 3,951,007 4,219,515 1,005,379
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,310,644 3,264,500 378,392 101,063
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 9,070,865 8,666,629 8,720,101 2,478,717
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $11,378 $15,624 $14,642 $19,818
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 34.8 31.3 31.0 35.1
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $63,959 $82,644 $72,679 $117,858
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $39,695 $42,606 $37,041 $58,795
Persons in poverty, percent
14.3%
9.2%
10.5%
4.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 18,974 13,934 13,765 3,709
Total employment, 2020 299,108 205,090 153,423 45,314
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 19,170,086 14,248,849 6,241,693 2,970,315
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% -2.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 75,412 49,467 47,098 12,288
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 16,516 11,974 11,680 3,411
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,308 7,754 7,594 2,154
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,059 2,127 1,977 577
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,106 2,880 1,121 302
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,415 7,927 9,664 2,736
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 588 S 525 151
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,009 10,279 10,142 2,857
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 6,850.4 5,598.6 1,014.2 301.4
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 5,216.1 917.0 300.0
Land area in square miles, 2020 126.09 102.77 628.29 427.84
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 102.86 628.78 427.82
FIPS Code 34013 34039 34029 34019
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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