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QuickFacts

Essex County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Ocean County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey; New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Essex County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Ocean County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 798,975 556,341 607,186 328,934 124,371 8,882,190
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 798,975 556,341 607,186 328,934 124,371 8,882,190
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 783,891 536,464 576,546 323,479 127,361 8,791,978
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 1.9% 3.7% 5.3% 1.7% -2.3% 1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 X X X X X 9,288,994
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 783,969 536,499 576,567 323,444 128,349 8,791,894
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.6%
6.3%
7.1%
5.0%
4.3%
5.8%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.7%
23.3%
24.2%
21.5%
19.1%
21.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
13.9%
14.7%
22.8%
16.2%
19.4%
16.6%
Female persons, percent
51.9%
51.1%
51.7%
51.1%
50.7%
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.9%
67.4%
92.7%
68.1%
91.0%
71.9%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
41.9%
23.8%
3.6%
10.5%
2.7%
15.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.8%
0.8%
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
0.6%
Asian alone, percent(a)
5.9%
5.7%
1.9%
18.8%
4.4%
10.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
Z
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.4%
2.2%
1.4%
2.1%
1.5%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
23.8%
32.8%
9.5%
15.2%
7.0%
20.9%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
30.2%
39.2%
84.3%
54.8%
84.8%
54.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 18,419 14,080 35,973 9,579 5,439 321,991
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 27.2% 30.1% 7.8% 25.1% 9.7% 22.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 319,686 203,054 286,170 127,513 50,563 3,641,812
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 44.0% 58.6% 80.0% 75.8% 82.8% 63.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $386,000 $367,200 $279,000 $430,700 $415,100 $335,600
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $2,858 $2,726 $2,034 $2,784 $2,735 $2,465
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,330 $1,221 $772 $1,174 $1,129 $1,052
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,178 $1,290 $1,428 $1,594 $1,446 $1,334
Building permits, 2020 2,705 2,650 3,625 1,913 319 36,146
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 285,908 190,101 226,160 118,193 47,175 3,231,874
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.71 2.88 2.61 2.75 2.56 2.69
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 89.6% 90.4% 90.2% 90.8% 91.4% 89.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 35.9% 44.0% 12.1% 31.4% 11.2% 31.3%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 89.1% 90.0% 89.2% 94.9% 94.1% 91.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 80.5% 83.7% 82.3% 92.2% 90.5% 85.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 86.1% 86.4% 92.0% 94.5% 95.0% 89.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 35.5% 36.0% 30.0% 54.7% 52.7% 39.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 7.8% 5.5% 7.4% 4.4% 5.0% 6.5%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.0%
12.6%
7.2%
6.6%
5.2%
9.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 65.7% 68.2% 58.5% 68.4% 66.9% 65.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 61.6% 62.1% 54.4% 62.5% 63.8% 60.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 1,378,698 819,132 801,532 739,850 206,253 19,673,558
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 6,274,291 3,370,818 3,185,948 2,475,712 794,379 60,375,232
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 5,942,038 20,139,410 1,400,022 4,974,693 1,400,241 108,854,971
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 9,204,586 7,376,336 7,695,378 5,609,291 2,349,986 133,665,728
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $11,685 $13,560 $13,257 $17,117 $18,497 $15,079
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 34.9 31.7 31.2 32.5 35.0 32.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $61,510 $80,198 $70,909 $113,611 $115,379 $82,545
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $38,722 $41,603 $36,100 $55,828 $57,098 $42,745
Persons in poverty, percent
13.8%
9.1%
9.0%
5.4%
4.0%
9.2%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 18,913 13,976 13,639 9,878 3,726 233,888
Total employment, 2019 298,755 204,662 152,419 192,626 46,480 3,805,357
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 19,320,156 13,738,725 6,166,870 16,544,280 2,917,042 239,861,512
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.7% 0.1% 2.0% 0.8% 1.1% 1.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 73,493 48,345 45,228 28,681 12,208 745,483
All firms, 2012 75,564 50,710 44,507 32,335 13,804 792,088
Men-owned firms, 2012 39,994 31,393 26,414 19,101 8,340 464,592
Women-owned firms, 2012 29,092 15,395 13,551 9,621 3,857 252,944
Minority-owned firms, 2012 35,331 20,768 4,152 8,766 1,418 237,242
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 37,784 28,234 39,088 22,289 12,013 533,808
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 4,543 3,401 3,787 2,504 1,248 57,996
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 68,453 45,572 39,103 28,249 11,980 707,975
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 6,211.5 5,216.1 917.0 1,071.7 300.0 1,195.5
Land area in square miles, 2010 126.21 102.86 628.78 301.81 427.82 7,354.22
FIPS Code 34013 34039 34029 34035 34019 34
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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