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QuickFacts

Houston city, Texas; Harris County, Texas

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Houston city, Texas
Harris County, Texas
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
2,288,250
4,728,030
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
2,288,250
4,728,030
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
2,302,792
4,731,145
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.6%
-0.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 2,304,580 4,731,145
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 2,099,451 4,092,459
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
7.5%
6.9%
Persons under 18 years, percent
24.7%
26.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.0%
11.4%
Female persons, percent
50.2%
50.2%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
51.5%
69.0%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
22.8%
20.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
1.1%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.9%
7.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.0%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
7.0%
2.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
44.5%
44.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
24.1%
27.7%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 69,023 156,267
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 28.9% 26.0%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) X 1,885,384
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 42.9% 54.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $186,800 $189,400
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,691 $1,694
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $541 $584
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,086 $1,115
Building permits, 2021 X 35,204
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 874,827 1,635,749
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.61 2.84
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 82.0% 84.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 48.4% 44.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 91.5% 93.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 83.9% 86.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 79.7% 81.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 34.3% 32.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 6.6% 6.6%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
25.6%
24.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 66.7% 67.3%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 58.9% 59.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 11,039,101 13,797,527
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 32,073,432 38,411,186
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 26,597,641 32,007,266
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 53,089,247 70,018,544
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $22,952 $15,039
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 27.6 29.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $53,600 $63,022
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $33,626 $33,459
Persons in poverty, percent
19.6%
15.9%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 X 105,710
Total employment, 2020 X 2,113,874
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) X 138,266,904
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 X 0.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 X 480,259
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 55,378 78,745
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 32,405 46,341
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,556 15,037
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 17,464 24,081
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 31,672 46,928
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,127 4,568
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 45,861 66,236
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 3,598.4 2,771.7
Population per square mile, 2010 3,501.5 2,402.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 640.44 1,706.96
Land area in square miles, 2010 599.59 1,703.48
FIPS Code 4835000 48201
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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