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QuickFacts

Houston city, Texas; San Antonio city, Texas; El Paso city, Texas; Austin city, Texas; Dallas city, Texas

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Houston city, Texas
San Antonio city, Texas
El Paso city, Texas
Austin city, Texas
Dallas city, Texas
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1, 2021, (V2021)
2,288,250
1,451,853
678,415
964,177
1,288,457
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
2,302,792
1,434,270
678,587
959,549
1,304,442
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.6%
1.2%
0.0%
0.5%
-1.2%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 2,304,580 1,434,625 678,815 961,855 1,304,379
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 2,099,451 1,327,407 649,121 790,390 1,197,816
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
7.2%
6.7%
6.9%
5.8%
7.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
24.6%
24.6%
26.1%
19.5%
24.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.1%
12.5%
13.1%
9.3%
10.7%
Female persons, percent
50.2%
50.6%
50.8%
49.1%
50.2%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
46.8%
64.0%
59.6%
66.4%
53.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
22.6%
6.5%
3.4%
7.7%
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.5%
0.8%
0.6%
0.8%
0.5%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.8%
3.0%
1.3%
8.2%
3.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.0%
0.0%
Two or More Races, percent
10.8%
17.2%
20.7%
8.7%
9.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
44.5%
65.7%
81.6%
33.1%
42.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
24.1%
23.1%
12.4%
47.8%
28.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 65,632 90,493 41,494 32,754 39,806
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 28.9% 14.2% 22.8% 18.5% 23.8%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) X X X X X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 42.5% 52.3% 59.8% 44.7% 41.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $200,700 $167,700 $137,600 $381,400 $230,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,799 $1,518 $1,373 $2,246 $1,858
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $558 $512 $469 $869 $622
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,136 $1,090 $910 $1,415 $1,178
Building permits, 2021 X X X X X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 878,906 535,610 236,708 404,121 515,138
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.57 2.64 2.83 2.28 2.49
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 82.5% 83.3% 85.5% 78.5% 83.7%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 48.1% 41.7% 67.2% 30.5% 42.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 93.1% 93.3% 90.5% 96.5% 91.5%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 85.8% 84.8% 84.7% 91.2% 83.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 79.5% 83.3% 81.4% 90.6% 79.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 34.7% 27.3% 26.7% 55.1% 35.6%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 6.8% 11.3% 9.3% 6.7% 7.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
26.3%
19.5%
22.7%
13.9%
25.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 66.8% 64.7% 60.7% 74.6% 68.6%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 59.5% 59.9% 55.1% 69.1% 61.6%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 11,039,101 5,969,690 1,566,244 5,336,931 5,436,060
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 32,073,432 13,591,543 4,614,409 8,839,268 18,432,026
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 26,597,641 3,753,845 2,138,633 1,820,385 10,778,473
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 53,089,247 24,317,885 9,051,872 18,284,051 20,463,003
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $22,952 $16,088 $13,312 $19,214 $15,245
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 27.5 24.3 23.5 24.5 26.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $56,019 $55,084 $51,325 $78,965 $58,231
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $35,578 $28,579 $25,165 $48,550 $37,719
Persons in poverty, percent
19.5%
17.6%
18.3%
12.5%
17.7%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 X X X X X
Total employment, 2020 X X X X X
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) X X X X X
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 X X X X X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 X X X X X
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 55,378 21,665 10,250 23,219 28,444
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 32,405 12,230 5,953 12,653 16,648
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,556 4,479 1,894 5,023 5,422
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 17,464 6,964 5,097 4,180 6,081
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 31,672 11,796 3,666 15,941 18,789
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,127 1,794 826 1,084 1,471
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 45,861 17,041 8,109 18,947 23,192
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 3,598.4 2,875.9 2,626.9 3,006.4 3,841.1
Population per square mile, 2010 3,501.5 2,879.8 2,543.2 2,653.2 3,517.6
Land area in square miles, 2020 640.44 498.84 258.41 319.94 339.58
Land area in square miles, 2010 599.59 460.93 255.24 297.90 340.52
FIPS Code 4835000 4865000 4824000 4805000 4819000
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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