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QuickFacts

Jefferson County, Alabama; Alabama; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Jefferson County, Alabama
Alabama
United States
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
667,820
5,039,877
331,893,745
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
667,820
5,039,877
331,893,745
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
674,721
5,024,279
331,449,281
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-1.0%
0.3%
0.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 674,721 5,024,279 331,449,281
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 658,466 4,779,736 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.4%
6.0%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
22.8%
22.2%
22.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.3%
17.3%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
52.7%
51.7%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
53.1%
69.1%
76.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
43.5%
26.8%
13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.7%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.8%
1.5%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
1.3%
1.8%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
4.1%
4.6%
18.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
49.5%
65.3%
60.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 36,250 324,857 17,835,456
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 3.8% 3.4% 13.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 309,697 2,284,847 139,684,244
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 63.2% 69.2% 64.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $165,000 $149,600 $229,800
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,342 $1,196 $1,621
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $431 $367 $509
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $934 $811 $1,096
Building permits, 2021 2,121 22,100 1,736,982
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 263,801 1,888,504 122,354,219
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.44 2.53 2.60
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 84.8% 86.8% 86.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 5.8% 5.3% 21.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 89.7% 87.9% 91.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 83.0% 79.9% 85.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 90.5% 86.9% 88.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 34.1% 26.2% 32.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 10.8% 11.5% 8.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
10.7%
11.7%
10.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 61.4% 57.2% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 57.2% 52.5% 58.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 1,461,142 7,576,462 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,766,161 26,039,632 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 10,951,810 124,809,759 5,696,729,632
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 10,154,005 58,564,965 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $15,385 $12,145 $13,443
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 24.3 25.2 26.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $55,088 $52,035 $64,994
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $33,343 $28,934 $35,384
Persons in poverty, percent
14.4%
14.9%
11.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 16,522 100,955 8,000,178
Total employment, 2020 341,139 1,777,495 134,163,349
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 18,439,423 81,317,411 7,564,809,878
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 2.1% 1.1% 0.9%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 50,156 336,445 26,485,532
All firms, 2012 57,590 374,153 27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 30,937 203,604 14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 21,298 137,630 9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 19,911 92,219 7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 35,268 272,651 18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 6,086 41,943 2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 48,182 316,984 24,070,685
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 592.5 94.4 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 1,111.28 50,645.33 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 01073 01 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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