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QuickFacts

Malheur County, Oregon; Union County, Oregon; Gilliam County, Oregon

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Malheur County, Oregon
Union County, Oregon
Gilliam County, Oregon
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 30,571 26,835 1,912
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 30,571 26,835 1,912
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 31,316 25,744 1,873
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) -2.4% 4.2% 2.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 31,313 25,748 1,871
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 X X X
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.9%
5.6%
4.4%
Persons under 18 years, percent
25.9%
21.8%
19.1%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.8%
21.5%
27.6%
Female persons, percent
45.6%
50.5%
49.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
91.9%
92.6%
93.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
1.7%
0.8%
0.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
2.0%
1.3%
2.1%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.5%
1.3%
0.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
1.3%
0.5%
Two or More Races, percent
2.6%
2.7%
2.6%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
34.6%
5.2%
7.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
60.1%
88.2%
87.4%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 1,894 2,052 189
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 9.5% 2.9% 2.9%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 11,957 11,922 1,186
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 58.3% 64.5% 67.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $135,900 $185,400 $115,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,121 $1,219 $1,128
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $387 $440 $435
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $688 $818 $919
Building permits, 2020 25 54 NA
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 10,062 10,708 842
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.65 2.39 2.20
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 82.0% 81.0% 88.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 25.3% 5.0% 4.0%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 83.9% 88.6% 83.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 73.6% 81.1% 73.6%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 81.1% 92.7% 90.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 13.7% 24.5% 17.4%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 11.4% 11.0% 12.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.3%
8.1%
7.5%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 49.8% 58.7% 55.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 51.0% 53.9% 53.3%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 50,776 33,801 1,534
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 133,056 127,539 D
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) D 275,911 0
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 340,732 140,291 D
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 534,507 318,494 10,465
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $17,450 $12,364 $5,358
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 18.5 17.1 15.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $43,313 $52,171 $47,500
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $18,974 $27,646 $26,482
Persons in poverty, percent
21.0%
13.6%
10.9%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 710 765 69
Total employment, 2019 8,387 7,558 571
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 300,092 304,817 29,795
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 1.2% 1.2% 2.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 1,382 1,627 119
All firms, 2012 2,088 1,961 102
Men-owned firms, 2012 1,103 898 F
Women-owned firms, 2012 583 672 26
Minority-owned firms, 2012 281 114 F
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 1,674 1,757 78
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 260 223 F
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 1,667 1,522 53
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 3.2 12.6 1.6
Land area in square miles, 2010 9,887.53 2,036.61 1,204.81
FIPS Code 41045 41061 41021
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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