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QuickFacts

Mercer County, New Jersey; Cape May County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Mercer County, New Jersey
Cape May County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
380,688
95,634
569,815
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
380,688
95,634
569,815
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
387,340
95,266
575,352
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-1.7%
0.4%
-1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 387,340 95,263 575,345
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 366,513 97,265 536,499
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.5%
4.2%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.4%
17.0%
23.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
16.5%
29.5%
15.3%
Female persons, percent
50.6%
51.3%
50.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
61.3%
91.6%
66.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
21.8%
4.8%
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.7%
0.4%
1.0%
Asian alone, percent(a)
13.0%
1.0%
6.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.8%
2.0%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
20.4%
8.6%
34.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
45.2%
84.7%
37.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 11,286 6,284 12,830
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 24.6% 4.7% 31.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 150,710 99,422 211,919
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 62.8% 78.4% 57.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $327,600 $372,300 $458,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,519 $2,104 $3,053
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,085 $895 $1,390
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,454 $1,285 $1,570
Building permits, 2022 643 838 3,147
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 139,549 43,277 199,996
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.62 2.16 2.83
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 86.9% 87.9% 90.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 32.8% 9.1% 45.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 94.1% 94.9% 93.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 88.5% 89.8% 90.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 89.7% 93.9% 86.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 44.2% 35.9% 38.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.1% 10.1% 5.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.7%
7.6%
11.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.8% 55.8% 68.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 58.9% 51.8% 63.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 912,819 757,023 1,158,054
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,364,811 467,660 3,951,007
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 511,670 23,129 3,264,500
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 7,573,863 1,935,515 8,666,629
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $20,554 $20,749 $15,624
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 27.5 22.4 30.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $92,697 $83,870 $95,000
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $50,053 $51,344 $49,666
Persons in poverty, percent
10.6%
9.6%
9.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 9,706 3,764 13,996
Total employment, 2021 187,231 26,195 187,879
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 15,180,911 1,349,802 14,061,185
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -7.4% -3.0% -8.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2020 27,793 8,496 49,992
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 8,207 3,450 11,974
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 4,988 2,043 7,754
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,404 773 2,127
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,843 180 2,880
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,099 3,042 7,927
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 317 144 S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 6,654 2,960 10,279
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 1,725.8 378.7 5,598.6
Population per square mile, 2010 1,632.2 386.9 5,216.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 224.44 251.52 102.77
Land area in square miles, 2010 224.56 251.43 102.86
FIPS Code 34021 34009 34039
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

In Vintage 2022, as a result of the formal request from the state, Connecticut transitioned from eight counties to nine planning regions. For more details, please see the Vintage 2022 release notes available here: Release Notes.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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