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QuickFacts

Salem County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; Passaic County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Salem County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Passaic County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
65,046
345,647
854,917
518,117
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
65,046
345,647
854,917
518,117
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
64,837
345,361
863,728
524,118
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
0.3%
0.1%
-1.0%
-1.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 64,837 345,361 863,728 524,118
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 66,083 323,444 783,969 501,226
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.3%
4.8%
6.3%
6.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.8%
21.3%
23.7%
23.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
19.1%
16.7%
14.2%
15.3%
Female persons, percent
50.7%
50.7%
51.5%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
80.4%
66.4%
48.6%
74.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
15.2%
10.8%
41.6%
14.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.6%
0.4%
0.9%
1.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.1%
20.1%
6.3%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.6%
2.2%
2.5%
2.7%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
10.5%
15.8%
24.3%
43.7%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
72.3%
52.8%
29.8%
39.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 3,307 9,982 19,033 11,907
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 3.8% 26.5% 28.7% 32.1%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 27,735 133,263 336,299 185,497
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 70.8% 75.5% 44.5% 52.2%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $187,400 $444,700 $414,000 $363,700
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,899 $2,890 $2,969 $2,724
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $847 $1,241 $1,378 $1,270
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,064 $1,722 $1,279 $1,367
Building permits, 2021 88 1,261 3,417 1,144
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 24,753 125,363 307,613 176,203
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.55 2.71 2.70 2.91
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.8% 89.8% 89.6% 91.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 8.0% 32.7% 37.4% 49.8%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 91.2% 96.6% 92.5% 92.5%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 86.0% 94.4% 84.0% 88.3%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 90.5% 94.3% 86.7% 85.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 23.3% 56.1% 36.7% 29.8%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 11.4% 4.5% 8.2% 5.3%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.6%
6.2%
12.4%
14.4%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 60.7% 69.2% 66.0% 66.2%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 58.4% 63.6% 61.7% 60.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 83,812 941,735 1,883,319 816,949
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 300,510 2,963,162 8,098,958 3,127,286
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 116,642 705,004 8,310,644 615,780
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 574,958 6,750,809 9,070,865 8,086,803
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $9,134 $20,417 $11,378 $16,032
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 26.6 31.7 34.2 27.5
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $67,898 $121,695 $67,826 $78,386
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $34,812 $61,805 $42,028 $35,723
Persons in poverty, percent
12.0%
5.5%
15.1%
14.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 1,135 9,773 18,974 11,902
Total employment, 2020 16,450 188,791 299,108 144,368
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 950,492 16,648,069 19,170,086 7,183,258
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 -2.8% -2.0% 0.1% -0.7%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 2,965 29,016 75,412 46,302
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 950 8,671 16,516 10,865
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 609 5,563 10,308 7,345
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 1,383 3,059 1,770
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 2,088 4,106 2,393
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 727 5,538 10,415 7,559
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 329 588 499
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 719 7,237 14,009 9,533
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 195.4 1,144.1 6,850.4 2,817.6
Population per square mile, 2010 199.1 1,071.7 6,211.5 2,715.3
Land area in square miles, 2020 331.86 301.87 126.09 186.01
Land area in square miles, 2010 331.90 301.81 126.21 184.59
FIPS Code 34033 34035 34013 34031
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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