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QuickFacts

Salem County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Salem County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
65,046
572,114
854,917
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
65,046
572,114
854,917
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
64,837
575,345
863,728
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
0.3%
-0.6%
-1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 64,837 575,345 863,728
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 66,083 536,499 783,969
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.3%
6.1%
6.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.8%
23.4%
23.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
19.1%
14.9%
14.2%
Female persons, percent
50.7%
50.7%
51.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
80.4%
66.8%
48.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
15.2%
23.8%
41.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.6%
0.9%
0.9%
Asian alone, percent(a)
1.1%
6.0%
6.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.6%
2.3%
2.5%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
10.5%
33.6%
24.3%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
72.3%
38.3%
29.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 3,307 13,155 19,033
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 3.8% 30.8% 28.7%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 27,735 211,074 336,299
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 70.8% 58.2% 44.5%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $187,400 $393,900 $414,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,899 $2,852 $2,969
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $847 $1,302 $1,378
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,064 $1,407 $1,279
Building permits, 2021 88 3,207 3,417
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 24,753 198,506 307,613
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.55 2.84 2.70
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.8% 90.4% 89.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 8.0% 45.2% 37.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 91.2% 93.2% 92.5%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 86.0% 88.7% 84.0%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 90.5% 87.3% 86.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 23.3% 37.6% 36.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 11.4% 5.7% 8.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.6%
13.2%
12.4%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 60.7% 68.6% 66.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 58.4% 63.5% 61.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 83,812 1,158,054 1,883,319
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 300,510 3,951,007 8,098,958
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 116,642 3,264,500 8,310,644
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 574,958 8,666,629 9,070,865
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $9,134 $15,624 $11,378
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 26.6 30.8 34.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $67,898 $87,369 $67,826
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $34,812 $45,178 $42,028
Persons in poverty, percent
12.0%
9.3%
15.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 1,135 13,934 18,974
Total employment, 2020 16,450 205,090 299,108
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 950,492 14,248,849 19,170,086
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 -2.8% 0.2% 0.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 2,965 49,467 75,412
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 950 11,974 16,516
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 609 7,754 10,308
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 2,127 3,059
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 2,880 4,106
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 727 7,927 10,415
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S S 588
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 719 10,279 14,009
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 195.4 5,598.6 6,850.4
Population per square mile, 2010 199.1 5,216.1 6,211.5
Land area in square miles, 2020 331.86 102.77 126.09
Land area in square miles, 2010 331.90 102.86 126.21
FIPS Code 34033 34039 34013
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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