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QuickFacts

Somerset County, New Jersey; Cumberland County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey; Union County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Somerset County, New Jersey
Cumberland County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
346,875
151,356
861,418
569,815
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
346,875
151,356
861,418
569,815
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
345,356
154,148
863,183
575,352
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
0.4%
-1.8%
-0.2%
-1.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 345,361 154,152 863,162 575,345
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 323,444 156,898 809,858 536,499
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
4.8%
6.1%
5.3%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
20.8%
24.0%
21.2%
23.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
17.3%
16.3%
16.3%
15.3%
Female persons, percent
50.6%
49.2%
50.2%
50.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
65.6%
71.1%
57.8%
66.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
11.0%
22.4%
12.9%
24.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.4%
1.6%
0.8%
1.0%
Asian alone, percent(a)
20.7%
1.6%
26.1%
6.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.2%
3.2%
2.4%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
16.4%
33.6%
23.2%
34.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
51.5%
43.9%
38.9%
37.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 10,043 5,597 22,600 12,830
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 26.9% 10.9% 34.1% 31.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 133,445 57,258 317,338 211,919
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 75.3% 66.0% 63.8% 57.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $489,500 $192,900 $411,900 $458,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $3,063 $1,808 $2,775 $3,053
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,323 $812 $1,174 $1,390
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,846 $1,202 $1,739 $1,570
Building permits, 2022 907 120 2,474 3,147
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 127,566 52,584 301,967 199,996
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.67 2.72 2.76 2.83
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 90.0% 90.4% 89.4% 90.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 33.7% 28.0% 46.3% 45.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 97.1% 91.5% 95.3% 93.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 95.1% 85.5% 92.1% 90.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 94.0% 81.2% 89.7% 86.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 57.3% 17.3% 45.1% 38.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 4.7% 10.6% 6.0% 5.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
5.3%
11.2%
7.7%
11.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 69.3% 56.7% 66.4% 68.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.2% 56.2% 60.0% 63.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 941,735 184,497 1,790,517 1,158,054
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 2,963,162 1,121,883 6,618,597 3,951,007
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 705,004 297,878 4,487,136 3,264,500
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 6,750,809 2,010,967 14,855,971 8,666,629
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $20,417 $13,305 $17,964 $15,624
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 31.3 24.4 33.0 30.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $131,948 $62,310 $105,206 $95,000
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $67,554 $32,551 $47,196 $49,666
Persons in poverty, percent
5.1%
15.5%
8.2%
9.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 9,727 2,772 21,897 13,996
Total employment, 2021 179,324 44,581 395,031 187,879
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 17,314,893 2,134,196 29,193,608 14,061,185
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -5.0% -3.7% -4.7% -8.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2020 28,926 6,568 65,382 49,992
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 8,671 2,555 18,457 11,974
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,563 1,540 11,407 7,754
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,383 S 3,619 2,127
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,088 S 6,860 2,880
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 5,538 1,750 9,835 7,927
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 329 132 S S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,237 2,024 15,981 10,279
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 1,144.1 318.9 2,791.4 5,598.6
Population per square mile, 2010 1,071.7 324.4 2,621.6 5,216.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 301.87 483.36 309.22 102.77
Land area in square miles, 2010 301.81 483.70 308.91 102.86
FIPS Code 34035 34011 34023 34039
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

In Vintage 2022, as a result of the formal request from the state, Connecticut transitioned from eight counties to nine planning regions. For more details, please see the Vintage 2022 release notes available here: Release Notes.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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