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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; Cape May County, New Jersey; Warren County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Cape May County, New Jersey
Warren County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 798,975 92,039 105,267 328,934
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 798,975 92,039 105,267 328,934
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 536,464 783,891 97,257 108,642 323,479
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3.7% 1.9% -5.4% -3.1% 1.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 863,728 95,263 109,632 345,361
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 783,969 97,265 108,692 323,444
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
6.6%
4.4%
4.5%
5.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.3%
23.7%
17.3%
19.3%
21.5%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.7%
13.9%
27.3%
18.7%
16.2%
Female persons, percent
51.1%
51.9%
51.3%
51.0%
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
67.4%
48.9%
91.8%
89.2%
68.1%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
23.8%
41.9%
4.8%
5.7%
10.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.8%
0.8%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
Asian alone, percent(a)
5.7%
5.9%
1.0%
2.9%
18.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.2%
2.4%
1.9%
1.7%
2.1%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
32.8%
23.8%
8.1%
10.2%
15.2%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
39.2%
30.2%
85.0%
80.4%
54.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 14,080 18,419 6,720 5,386 9,579
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 30.1% 27.2% 4.7% 9.8% 25.1%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 203,054 319,686 99,634 45,636 127,513
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 58.6% 44.0% 77.6% 71.7% 75.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $367,200 $386,000 $300,500 $264,200 $430,700
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $2,726 $2,858 $1,902 $2,154 $2,784
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,221 $1,330 $790 $941 $1,174
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,290 $1,178 $1,169 $1,132 $1,594
Building permits, 2020 2,650 2,705 675 304 1,913
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 190,101 285,908 40,171 41,587 118,193
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.88 2.71 2.25 2.50 2.75
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 90.4% 89.6% 88.6% 90.6% 90.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 44.0% 35.9% 8.5% 12.0% 31.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 90.0% 89.1% 90.9% 91.3% 94.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 83.7% 80.5% 84.6% 86.2% 92.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 86.4% 86.1% 92.5% 91.5% 94.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 36.0% 35.5% 32.8% 33.0% 54.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 5.5% 7.8% 9.6% 8.5% 4.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.6%
12.0%
9.2%
7.6%
6.6%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 68.2% 65.7% 57.0% 67.1% 68.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 62.1% 61.6% 52.7% 61.3% 62.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 819,132 1,378,698 592,998 122,154 739,850
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 3,370,818 6,274,291 443,661 543,130 2,475,712
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 20,139,410 5,942,038 98,208 2,050,257 4,974,693
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,376,336 9,204,586 1,639,427 1,573,822 5,609,291
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $13,560 $11,685 $17,023 $14,619 $17,117
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 31.7 34.9 22.8 36.0 32.5
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $80,198 $61,510 $67,074 $81,307 $113,611
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $41,603 $38,722 $40,389 $39,802 $55,828
Persons in poverty, percent
9.1%
13.8%
9.8%
7.1%
5.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 13,976 18,913 3,807 2,388 9,878
Total employment, 2019 204,662 298,755 27,578 28,556 192,626
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 13,738,725 19,320,156 1,218,405 1,328,315 16,544,280
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.1% 0.7% 1.6% 2.6% 0.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 48,345 73,493 8,493 7,402 28,681
All firms, 2012 50,710 75,564 10,928 8,149 32,335
Men-owned firms, 2012 31,393 39,994 6,043 4,930 19,101
Women-owned firms, 2012 15,395 29,092 3,319 2,395 9,621
Minority-owned firms, 2012 20,768 35,331 675 911 8,766
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 28,234 37,784 9,985 6,893 22,289
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 3,401 4,543 881 696 2,504
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 45,572 68,453 9,437 7,024 28,249
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 6,211.5 386.9 304.5 1,071.7
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 126.21 251.43 356.92 301.81
FIPS Code 34039 34013 34009 34041 34035
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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