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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; Cumberland County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Essex County, New Jersey
Cumberland County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
572,114
854,917
153,627
860,807
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
572,114
854,917
153,627
860,807
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
575,345
863,728
154,152
863,162
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
NA
NA
NA
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.6%
-1.0%
-0.3%
-0.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 863,728 154,152 863,162
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 783,969 156,898 809,858
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.1%
6.3%
6.1%
5.4%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.4%
23.7%
24.2%
21.6%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.9%
14.2%
15.9%
15.9%
Female persons, percent
50.7%
51.5%
49.0%
50.2%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
66.8%
48.6%
71.1%
58.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
23.8%
41.6%
22.4%
12.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.9%
1.7%
0.8%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.0%
6.3%
1.5%
25.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.3%
2.5%
3.2%
2.3%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
33.6%
24.3%
33.0%
22.7%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
38.3%
29.8%
44.3%
39.9%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 13,155 19,033 5,923 23,506
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 30.8% 28.7% 10.5% 33.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 211,074 336,299 57,210 317,113
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 58.2% 44.5% 66.2% 63.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $393,900 $414,000 $168,900 $362,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $2,852 $2,969 $1,687 $2,586
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,302 $1,378 $772 $1,105
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,407 $1,279 $1,131 $1,612
Building permits, 2021 3,207 3,417 185 3,269
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 198,506 307,613 51,873 299,455
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.84 2.70 2.74 2.78
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 90.4% 89.6% 89.5% 89.0%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 45.2% 37.4% 27.6% 45.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 93.2% 92.5% 91.2% 94.6%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 88.7% 84.0% 84.9% 90.6%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 87.3% 86.7% 80.8% 89.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 37.6% 36.7% 17.0% 44.8%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 5.7% 8.2% 10.7% 6.0%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
13.2%
12.4%
12.8%
8.1%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 68.6% 66.0% 56.0% 65.7%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 63.5% 61.7% 56.5% 59.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,158,054 1,883,319 184,497 1,790,517
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,951,007 8,098,958 1,121,883 6,618,597
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,264,500 8,310,644 297,878 4,487,136
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,666,629 9,070,865 2,010,967 14,855,971
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,624 $11,378 $13,305 $17,964
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 30.8 34.2 23.8 33.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $87,369 $67,826 $58,397 $96,883
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $45,178 $42,028 $30,034 $43,300
Persons in poverty, percent
9.3%
15.1%
14.4%
8.0%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 13,934 18,974 2,746 21,651
Total employment, 2020 205,090 299,108 46,305 414,357
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 14,248,849 19,170,086 1,994,238 27,479,017
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.2% 0.1% -1.5% 0.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 49,467 75,412 6,406 64,680
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,974 16,516 2,555 18,457
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,754 10,308 1,540 11,407
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,127 3,059 S 3,619
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,880 4,106 S 6,860
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,927 10,415 1,750 9,835
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 588 132 S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,279 14,009 2,024 15,981
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 5,598.6 6,850.4 318.9 2,791.4
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 6,211.5 324.4 2,621.6
Land area in square miles, 2020 102.77 126.09 483.36 309.22
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 126.21 483.70 308.91
FIPS Code 34039 34013 34011 34023
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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