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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Middlesex County, New Jersey; Salem County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Salem County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 825,062 62,385 328,934 124,371
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 825,062 62,385 328,934 124,371
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 536,464 810,038 66,072 323,479 127,361
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3.7% 1.9% -5.6% 1.7% -2.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 863,162 64,837 345,361 128,947
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 809,858 66,083 323,444 128,349
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
5.7%
5.6%
5.0%
4.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.3%
21.7%
21.4%
21.5%
19.1%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.7%
15.5%
19.0%
16.2%
19.4%
Female persons, percent
51.1%
50.6%
51.0%
51.1%
50.7%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
67.4%
60.1%
81.1%
68.1%
91.0%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
23.8%
12.0%
14.8%
10.5%
2.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.8%
0.7%
0.6%
0.4%
0.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
5.7%
24.9%
1.1%
18.8%
4.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
Z
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.2%
2.3%
2.4%
2.1%
1.5%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
32.8%
22.1%
9.8%
15.2%
7.0%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
39.2%
41.7%
73.4%
54.8%
84.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 14,080 24,709 3,839 9,579 5,439
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 30.1% 32.8% 3.8% 25.1% 9.7%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 203,054 303,426 27,606 127,513 50,563
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 58.6% 63.5% 71.1% 75.8% 82.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $367,200 $344,100 $184,600 $430,700 $415,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $2,726 $2,482 $1,818 $2,784 $2,735
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,221 $1,046 $814 $1,174 $1,129
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,290 $1,469 $1,019 $1,594 $1,446
Building permits, 2020 2,650 2,757 35 1,913 319
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 190,101 285,005 23,933 118,193 47,175
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.88 2.79 2.57 2.75 2.56
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 90.4% 89.6% 89.8% 90.8% 91.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 44.0% 44.5% 7.9% 31.4% 11.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 90.0% 92.6% 87.3% 94.9% 94.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 83.7% 86.4% 80.4% 92.2% 90.5%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 86.4% 89.8% 88.8% 94.5% 95.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 36.0% 43.6% 21.0% 54.7% 52.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 5.5% 5.6% 10.3% 4.4% 5.0%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.6%
9.1%
8.5%
6.6%
5.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 68.2% 64.4% 61.0% 68.4% 66.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 62.1% 57.8% 57.5% 62.5% 63.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 819,132 1,387,200 89,248 739,850 206,253
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 3,370,818 5,084,450 319,868 2,475,712 794,379
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 20,139,410 15,784,943 D 4,974,693 1,400,241
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,376,336 11,869,778 627,036 5,609,291 2,349,986
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $13,560 $14,422 $9,533 $17,117 $18,497
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 31.7 34.4 26.4 32.5 35.0
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $80,198 $89,533 $66,842 $113,611 $115,379
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $41,603 $39,599 $34,047 $55,828 $57,098
Persons in poverty, percent
9.1%
8.5%
11.4%
5.4%
4.0%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 13,976 21,913 1,146 9,878 3,726
Total employment, 2019 204,662 412,429 16,930 192,626 46,480
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 13,738,725 26,712,952 936,828 16,544,280 2,917,042
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.1% 2.7% 3.5% 0.8% 1.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 48,345 62,950 2,924 28,681 12,208
All firms, 2012 50,710 68,733 3,760 32,335 13,804
Men-owned firms, 2012 31,393 41,119 2,233 19,101 8,340
Women-owned firms, 2012 15,395 20,366 951 9,621 3,857
Minority-owned firms, 2012 20,768 28,634 395 8,766 1,418
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 28,234 37,891 3,137 22,289 12,013
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 3,401 4,092 312 2,504 1,248
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 45,572 61,658 3,107 28,249 11,980
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 2,621.6 199.1 1,071.7 300.0
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 308.91 331.90 301.81 427.82
FIPS Code 34039 34023 34033 34035 34019
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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