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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Cumberland County, New Jersey; Cape May County, New Jersey; Hunterdon County, New Jersey; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Cumberland County, New Jersey
Cape May County, New Jersey
Hunterdon County, New Jersey
United States
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 328,934 149,527 92,039 124,371 328,239,523
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 556,341 328,934 149,527 92,039 124,371 328,239,523
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 536,464 323,479 156,627 97,257 127,361 308,758,105
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3.7% 1.7% -4.5% -5.4% -2.3% 6.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 345,361 154,152 95,263 128,947 331,449,281
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 323,444 156,898 97,265 128,349 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.3%
5.0%
6.1%
4.4%
4.3%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.3%
21.5%
23.7%
17.3%
19.1%
22.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.7%
16.2%
15.6%
27.3%
19.4%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
51.1%
51.1%
49.1%
51.3%
50.7%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
67.4%
68.1%
71.7%
91.8%
91.0%
76.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
23.8%
10.5%
21.9%
4.8%
2.7%
13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.8%
0.4%
1.6%
0.4%
0.2%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
5.7%
18.8%
1.4%
1.0%
4.4%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
2.2%
2.1%
3.1%
1.9%
1.5%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
32.8%
15.2%
31.8%
8.1%
7.0%
18.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
39.2%
54.8%
45.4%
85.0%
84.8%
60.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 14,080 9,579 6,495 6,720 5,439 18,230,322
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 30.1% 25.1% 10.0% 4.7% 9.7% 13.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 203,054 127,513 56,451 99,634 50,563 139,684,244
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 58.6% 75.8% 65.2% 77.6% 82.8% 64.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $367,200 $430,700 $162,500 $300,500 $415,100 $217,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $2,726 $2,784 $1,614 $1,902 $2,735 $1,595
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,221 $1,174 $740 $790 $1,129 $500
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,290 $1,594 $1,069 $1,169 $1,446 $1,062
Building permits, 2020 2,650 1,913 179 675 319 1,471,141
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 190,101 118,193 50,729 40,171 47,175 120,756,048
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.88 2.75 2.74 2.25 2.56 2.62
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 90.4% 90.8% 87.1% 88.6% 91.4% 85.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 44.0% 31.4% 27.8% 8.5% 11.2% 21.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 90.0% 94.9% 85.6% 90.9% 94.1% 90.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 83.7% 92.2% 78.0% 84.6% 90.5% 82.7%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 86.4% 94.5% 79.4% 92.5% 95.0% 88.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 36.0% 54.7% 15.6% 32.8% 52.7% 32.1%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 5.5% 4.4% 10.2% 9.6% 5.0% 8.6%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
12.6%
6.6%
12.1%
9.2%
5.2%
10.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 68.2% 68.4% 55.5% 57.0% 66.9% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 62.1% 62.5% 55.5% 52.7% 63.8% 58.3%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 819,132 739,850 173,701 592,998 206,253 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 3,370,818 2,475,712 872,101 443,661 794,379 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 20,139,410 4,974,693 2,811,963 98,208 1,400,241 5,696,729,632
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,376,336 5,609,291 2,049,003 1,639,427 2,349,986 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $13,560 $17,117 $12,986 $17,023 $18,497 $13,443
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 31.7 32.5 23.6 22.8 35.0 26.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $80,198 $113,611 $54,149 $67,074 $115,379 $62,843
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $41,603 $55,828 $25,694 $40,389 $57,098 $34,103
Persons in poverty, percent
9.1%
5.4%
13.8%
9.8%
4.0%
11.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 13,976 9,878 2,835 3,807 3,726 7,959,103
Total employment, 2019 204,662 192,626 47,003 27,578 46,480 132,989,428
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 13,738,725 16,544,280 1,930,231 1,218,405 2,917,042 7,428,553,593
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 0.1% 0.8% 3.2% 1.6% 1.1% 1.6%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 48,345 28,681 6,139 8,493 12,208 26,485,532
All firms, 2012 50,710 32,335 8,322 10,928 13,804 27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 31,393 19,101 5,083 6,043 8,340 14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 15,395 9,621 2,245 3,319 3,857 9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 20,768 8,766 2,388 675 1,418 7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 28,234 22,289 5,504 9,985 12,013 18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 3,401 2,504 807 881 1,248 2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 45,572 28,249 7,018 9,437 11,980 24,070,685
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 1,071.7 324.4 386.9 300.0 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 301.81 483.70 251.43 427.82 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 34039 34035 34011 34009 34019 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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