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QuickFacts

Union County, New Jersey; Somerset County, New Jersey; Ocean County, New Jersey; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Union County, New Jersey
Somerset County, New Jersey
Ocean County, New Jersey
United States
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
572,114
345,647
648,998
331,893,745
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
572,114
345,647
648,998
331,893,745
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
575,345
345,361
637,229
331,449,281
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.6%
0.1%
1.8%
0.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 575,345 345,361 637,229 331,449,281
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 536,499 323,444 576,567 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.1%
4.8%
7.2%
5.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.4%
21.3%
24.8%
22.2%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.9%
16.7%
22.4%
16.8%
Female persons, percent
50.7%
50.7%
51.3%
50.5%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
66.8%
66.4%
92.3%
75.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
23.8%
10.8%
3.8%
13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.9%
0.4%
0.3%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.0%
20.1%
2.0%
6.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.1%
Z
0.3%
Two or More Races, percent
2.3%
2.2%
1.5%
2.9%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
33.6%
15.8%
9.8%
18.9%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
38.3%
52.8%
83.7%
59.3%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 14,124 9,859 34,308 17,835,456
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 30.1% 25.9% 7.7% 13.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 211,074 133,263 295,584 142,153,010
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 58.9% 75.7% 80.3% 64.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $378,700 $436,700 $286,700 $229,800
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,751 $2,795 $2,050 $1,621
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,241 $1,194 $785 $509
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,335 $1,636 $1,459 $1,096
Building permits, 2021 3,207 1,261 3,758 1,736,982
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 191,862 119,721 229,454 122,354,219
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.86 2.72 2.59 2.60
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 90.7% 90.2% 90.2% 86.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 44.2% 31.6% 12.0% 21.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 91.7% 95.8% 90.5% 91.9%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 86.7% 93.4% 84.0% 85.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 87.1% 94.2% 92.4% 88.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 37.1% 55.6% 31.4% 32.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 5.9% 4.4% 7.2% 8.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
13.2%
6.2%
6.2%
10.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 68.4% 68.8% 58.5% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 63.1% 63.2% 54.8% 58.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,158,054 941,735 1,114,823 938,237,077
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,951,007 2,963,162 4,219,515 2,527,903,275
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,264,500 705,004 378,392 895,225,411
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 8,666,629 6,750,809 8,720,101 4,949,601,481
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,624 $20,417 $14,642 $15,224
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 31.3 32.4 31.0 26.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $82,644 $116,510 $72,679 $64,994
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $42,606 $58,021 $37,041 $35,384
Persons in poverty, percent
9.2%
4.8%
10.5%
11.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 13,934 9,773 13,765 8,000,178
Total employment, 2020 205,090 188,791 153,423 134,163,349
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 14,248,849 16,648,069 6,241,693 7,564,809,878
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.2% -2.0% 0.7% 0.9%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 49,467 29,016 47,098 27,104,006
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,974 8,671 11,680 5,744,643
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,754 5,563 7,594 3,480,438
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,127 1,383 1,977 1,134,549
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,880 2,088 1,121 1,014,958
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,927 5,538 9,664 4,371,152
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 329 525 351,237
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,279 7,237 10,142 4,968,606
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 5,598.6 1,144.1 1,014.2 93.8
Population per square mile, 2010 5,216.1 1,071.7 917.0 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 102.77 301.87 628.29 3,533,038.28
Land area in square miles, 2010 102.86 301.81 628.78 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 34039 34035 34029 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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