Skip Main Navigation Skip To Navigation Content

Research Reports

You are here: Census.govSubjects A to ZResearch Reports Sorted by Year › Abstract of SM94/02
Skip top of page navigation


Laurie Schwede and Yuki Ellis

KEY WORDS: Census, Roster research, Residence rules


The roster of individuals living or staying in a household is a fundamental component of most household surveys and censuses. Obtaining accurate and complete rosters from respondents is critical for producing complete population counts and reliable statistics on household composition and family characteristics. Recognizing that rostering errors might occur because of a lack of fit between census rostering instructions on whom to list and the way respondents conceptualize household membership, the Census Bureau sponsored the Living Situation Survey, in part, to explore factors respondents use in determining household membership. The aim of this paper is to use these survey data to compare respondents' subjective judgments about rostered persons' household membership status with objective reports of each persons' mobility over time and social attachments to the household. Intercorrelations among fourteen measures of social attachment to households are examined. A composite measure of household attachments is proposed. Correlations between household and individual respondents' determinations of usual residence are examined. The findings are related to anthropological perspectives on the "household." Implications for coverage research and for application of the method, "collect de facto, tabulate de jure," are discussed. Recommendations for rostering methods and questions to use in the 1995 test census are presented.

Citation: 1994, Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods, Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association, pp. 325-330.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Statistical Research Division | (301) 763-3215 (or |   Last Revised: October 08, 2010