Official publications released by the U.S. Census Bureau have a report number and often list the lead author(s).
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957
A compendium which includes more than 8,000 statistical time series which cover periods from 1610 to 1957.
Income of Persons and Families at Record High in 1959 (Advance data)
Distribution of persons 14 years of age and over by total money income, by sex; and distribution of families by total money income, 1947 and 1958 to 1959.