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Fields and Variables Glossary

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The glossary below may define terms not included in the main Glossary on census.gov

The main Glossary on census.gov provides official definitions covering all topics, censuses, surveys and programs.

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In this Section:

1. 2017 NAICS code
2. 2017 NAPCS collection code
3. Annual payroll
4. Distribution of sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
5. First-quarter payroll
6. Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (%)
7. Industry contribution to total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
8. Meaning of class of customer code
9. Meaning of employment size of establishments code
10. Meaning of employment size of firms code
11. Meaning of enterprise support industry served code
12. Meaning of exported services status indicator
13. Meaning of firm concentration code
14. Meaning of franchise status code
15. Meaning of legal form of organization code
16. Meaning of sales, value of shipments, or revenue size of establishments code
17. Meaning of sales, value of shipments, or revenue size of firms code
18. Meaning of single unit/multiunit firm code
19. NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue as % of industry sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
20. NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue as % of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of all establishments (%)
21. Number of employees
22. Number of establishments
23. Number of establishments with NAPCS collection code as % of industry establishments (%)
24. Number of firms
25. Operating expenses ($1,000)
26. Percent of total annual payroll imputed (%)
27. Percent of total employees imputed (%)
28. Percent of total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue imputed (%)
29. Percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue imputed (%)
30. Quantity produced for the NAPCS collection code
31. Quantity shipped for the NAPCS collection code
32. Relative standard error of NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
33. Response coverage of class of customer inquiry (%)
34. Response coverage of exported services employment (%)
35. Response coverage of exported services sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
36. Response coverage of franchise inquiry (%)
37. Sales, value of shipments, or revenue from exported services ($1,000)
38. Sales, value of shipments, or revenue ($1,000)
39. Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of largest firms as percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)
40. Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of NAPCS collection code ($1,000)
41. Total inventories, beginning of year ($1,000)
42. Total inventories, end of year ($1,000)
43. Total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments with the NAPCS collection code ($1,000)
44. Unit of measurement for the NAPCS collection code

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2017 NAICS code

The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) was developed by representatives from the United States, Canada, and Mexico and replaces each country's separate classification system with one uniform system for classifying industries. In the United States, NAICS replaces the Standard Industrial Classification, a system that Federal, State, and local governments, the business community, and the general public have used since the 1930s. This industry classification system enables North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners--the United States, Canada, and Mexico--to better compare economic and financial statistics and ensure that such statistics keep pace with the changing economy.  For more information on NAICS, see Economic Census: NAICS Codes.

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2017 NAPCS collection code

The North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) collection codes represent various types of products produced or carried, or services rendered, by an establishment. NAPCS collection codes ending in "000" represent broad products and codes ending in digits other than "000" represent detailed products.  For more information on NAPCS, see Economic Census: NAPCS Codes.

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Annual payroll ($1,000)

General Definition

This definition of payroll is the same as that used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on Forms 941 or 944 as taxable Medicare Wages and Tips (even if not subject to income or FICA tax).  If an employee works at more than one location, the payroll is included in the one location where they spend most of their time.

Payroll includes all forms of compensation paid during the reporting year to all employees, such as salaries, wages, tips and gratuities, commissions, bonuses, vacation allowances, sick leave pay, dismissal pay, the spread on stock options that is taxable to employees as income (except for the manufacturing and mining industries who include this in fringe benefits), and employee contributions to qualified pension plans. For corporations, payroll includes amounts paid to officers and executives.

Excluded from payroll are employer’s costs for fringe benefits such as payroll taxes, employer-paid insurance premiums, pension plans, and other employer-paid benefits.  For unincorporated businesses, payroll does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors or partners. It does not include payrolls of leased departments nor annuities or supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, even if income tax was withheld.  Payroll is reported before deductions for social security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc.

Note: For employment and related fields (payroll, production hours, benefits), respondents were asked to report only those full- and part-time employees whose payroll was reported on the IRS Forms 941 or 944 filing for the Employer Identification Number (EIN) used by that establishment. Other temporary workers and workers whose payroll was reported under a different firm's EIN were reported elsewhere. Comparisons of census-year data and data for earlier years should be used with caution.

Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Sector-Specific Information

Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Information; Management of Companies and Enterprises; Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; and Other Services (Except Public Administration)

Included are salaries of members of professional service organizations or associations which operate under state professional corporation statutes and file a corporate federal income tax return.

Finance and Insurance and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Sectors

Included is compensation paid to sales agents (e.g., independent insurance or real estate agents) as reported on IRS Forms 941 or 944; exclude if reported on IRS Form 1099-MISC- Statement for Recipients of Miscellaneous Income.

Excluded are commissions paid to independent (nonemployee) agents, such as insurance or real estate agents.

Manufacturing Sector

Excluded are payments to members of Armed Forces and pensioners carried on the active payrolls of manufacturing establishments.

Mining Sector       

Included are payments received on a ton, car, or yard basis.

Excluded are payments to members of Armed Forces and pensioners carried on the active payroll of mining establishments. Also excluded are royalty payments to unions and costs of smithing, explosives, fuses, electric cap lamps, and mine supplies used in production, development, and exploration work but charged to employees and deducted from their wages.

Wholesale Trade Sector

Included is compensation paid to sales agents and/or brokers as reported on IRS Forms 941 or 944; exclude if reported on IRS Form 1099-MISC, Statement for Recipients of Miscellaneous Income.

Excluded are commissions paid to independent (nonemployee) agents and/or brokers.

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Distribution of sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

The distribution of sales, value of shipments, or revenue in specified categories as percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue.

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First-quarter payroll ($1,000)

First-quarter payroll includes the payroll paid before deductions to persons employed at any time during the quarter from January to March of the reporting year.  Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

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Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (%)

Percent of value of shipments by the Herfindahl-Hirschman index for 50 largest companies.

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Industry contribution to total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

Percent of industry contribution to total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue.

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Meaning of class of customer code

Class of customer categories.

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Meaning of employment size of establishments code

Employment size categories of establishments operated the entire year. Employment size categories are based on the number of paid employees.

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Meaning of employment size of firms code

Employment size categories of firms. Employment size categories are based on the number of paid employees.

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Meaning of enterprise support industry served code

Enterprise support industry served.

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Meaning of exported services status indicator

Exported services status indicator.

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Meaning of firm concentration code

Concentration of sales, value of shipments, or revenue by largest firm size ranges.

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Meaning of franchise status code

Franchise status.

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Meaning of legal form of organization code

The legal form of organization, generally based on information from administrative records of other federal agencies.

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Meaning of sales, value of shipments, or revenue size of establishments code

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue size categories of establishments operated the entire year.

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Meaning of sales, value of shipments, or revenue size of firms code

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue size categories of firms.

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Meaning of single unit/multiunit firm code

Type of establishment (single unit or multiunit) and, if multiunit, establishment size categories for multiunit firms.

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NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue as % of industry sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue as a percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue for the industry.  NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue and/or NAPCS collection code percents may not sum to totals due to exclusion of selected NAPCS collection codes to avoid disclosing data for individual companies, due to rounding, and/or due to exclusion of NAPCS collection codes that did not meet publication criteria.

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NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue as % of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of all establishments (%)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of a NAPCS collection code as a percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of an industry handling the NAPCS collection code.

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Number of employees

General Definition

This definition of paid employees is the same as that used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on Forms 941 or 944. Paid employees consist of full- and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations and salaried members of professional service organizations or associations, who were on the payroll during the pay period including March 12. Included are employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations.

Excluded are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses; independent (nonemployee) agents; full- and part-time leased employees whose payroll was filed under an employee leasing company's Employer Identification Number (EIN); temporary staffing obtained from a staffing service; employees in leased departments; and subcontractors and their employees.

Note: For employment and related fields (payroll, production hours, benefits), respondents were asked to report only those full- and part-time employees whose payroll was reported on the IRS Forms 941 or 944 filing for the Employer Identification Number (EIN) used by that establishment. Other temporary workers and workers whose payroll was reported under a different firm's EIN were reported elsewhere. Comparisons of census-year data and data for earlier years should be used with caution.

Sector-Specific Information:

Manufacturing Sector

The "all employees" number is the average number of production workers plus the number of other employees in mid-March. The number of production workers is the average for the payroll periods including the 12th of March, June, September, and December.

The "production workers" number includes workers (up through the line-supervisor level) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspecting, receiving, storing, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping (but not delivering), maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant's own use (e.g., power plant), recordkeeping, and other services closely associated with these production operations at the establishment covered by the report. Employees above the working-supervisor level are excluded from this item.

The "other employees" number covers nonproduction employees of the manufacturing establishment, including those engaged in factory supervision above the line-supervisor level. It includes sales (including driver-salespersons), sales delivery (highway truck drivers and their helpers), advertising, credit, collection, installation and servicing of own products, clerical and routine office functions, executive, purchasing, financing, legal, personnel (including cafeteria, medical, etc.), professional, and technical employees. Also included are employees on the payroll of the manufacturing establishment engaged in the construction of major additions or alterations utilized as a separate work force.

Mining Sector

The "production, development, and exploration workers" number includes workers (up through the working-supervisor level) engaged in manual work (using tools, operating machines, hauling materials, loading and hauling products out of the mine, and caring for mines, plants, mills, shops, or yards). Included are exploration work, mine development, storage, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, auxiliary production for use at establishments (e.g., power plants), recordkeeping, and other services closely associated with these production operations at the establishment covered by the report. Gang and straw bosses and supervisors who performed manual labor are included, as are employees paid on either a time- or piece-rate basis. Also included are miners paid on a per ton, car, or yard basis and persons engaged by them and paid out of the total amount received by these miners. Employees above the working-supervisor level and those of contractors are excluded from this item.

The "other employees" number covers nonproduction employees of the mining establishment including those engaged in the following activities: supervision above the working-supervisor level, sales, highway trucking or other transportation (by employees not entering mines or pits), advertising, credit, collection, clerical and routine office functions, executive, purchasing, financing, legal, personnel (including cafeteria, medical, etc.), and professional (engineers, geologists, etc.) and technical work. Also included are employees on the payroll of the mining establishment engaged in the construction of major additions or alterations utilized as a separate work force. Workers engaged in regular maintenance and repair operations are excluded here but are classified as production, development, and exploration workers. Employees of contractors are excluded from this item.

Construction Sector

The "all employees" or "total number of employees" number is the sum of establishment averages of nonleased construction workers plus other nonleased employees who were on the payroll during the pay periods including the 12th of March, June, September, and December. Excluded are subcontractors and their employees.

The “construction workers” number includes all nonleased payroll workers (up through the working supervisory level) directly engaged in construction operations, such as painters, carpenters, plumbers, and electricians. Included are journeymen, mechanics, apprentices, laborers, truck drivers and helpers, equipment operators, on-site record keepers, and security guards. Supervisory employees above the working foreman level are excluded from this category and are included in the other employees category.  The average number of nonleased construction workers is the sum of establishment averages of nonleased construction workers who were on the payroll during the pay periods including the 12th of March, June, September, and December.

The "other employees" number includes nonleased payroll employees in executive, purchasing, accounting, personnel, professional, technical activities, and routine office functions. Also included are supervisory employees above the working foreman level. The average number of nonleased other employees is the sum of establishment averages of other employees who were on the payroll during the pay periods including the 12th of March, June, September, and December.

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Number of establishments

General Definition

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted, services are provided, or industrial operations are performed. It is not necessarily identical with a firm or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more.

Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than firms. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. The count of establishments represents those in business at any time during the census year.

When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Leased departments are considered separate establishments and are classified according to the kind of business they conduct. For example, a beauty shop in a department store or a gift shop located in a hospital would be treated as separate establishments.

Sector-Specific Information:

Mining Sector

The establishment [NCH(F1)] basis for reporting crude petroleum and support activities for mining industries is different from the establishment basis used for other types of mining. Firms operating oil and gas wells, drilling wells, or exploring for oil and gas for their own account were required to submit a separate report for each state or offshore area adjacent to a state in which it conducted such activities. Firms that performed contract services for oil and gas field operation or for mining establishments were required to submit one report covering all such activities in the United States and to include information on receipts for services and production-worker wages and hours by state. These consolidated reports were then allocated to state establishments based on the data reported at the state level.

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Sector

Data for individual properties leased or managed by property lessors or property managers are not normally considered separate establishments, but rather the permanent offices from which the properties are leased or managed are considered establishments. Data for separate automotive rental offices or concessions (e.g., airport locations) in the same metropolitan area, for which a common fleet of cars is maintained, are merged together and not considered as separate establishments.

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Number of establishments with NAPCS collection code as % of industry establishments

Number of establishments with NAPCS collection code as a percent of the number of establishments in the industry.

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Number of firms

A firm is a business organization or entity consisting of one or more domestic establishments (locations) under common ownership or control. A firm may be a business, service, or membership organization; consist of one or several establishments; and operate at one or several locations. All establishments of subsidiary firms are included as part of the owning or controlling firm. For the economic census, the terms 'firm,’ ‘company,’ and ‘enterprise’ are synonymous.

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Operating expenses ($1,000)

Operating expenses include payroll, employee benefits, interest and rent expenses, payroll taxes, cost of supplies used for operation, depreciation expenses, fundraising expenses, contracted or purchased services, and other expenses charged to operations during the reporting year.  Operating expenses exclude cost of goods sold, income taxes, and interest for wholesale establishments; outlays for the purchase of real estate; construction and all other capital improvements; funds invested; assessments or dues paid to the parent or other chapters of the same organization; and, for fundraising organizations, funds transferred to charities and other organizations.

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Percent of total annual payroll imputed (%)

Percent of total annual payroll that was imputed based on historic data, administrative data, industry averages, or other statistical methods and not directly reported nor obtained from “equivalent quality" data sources.  Equivalent quality data are data obtained from an alternative source of sufficient quality such that its data are treated as reported data when calculating standard response measures.  For additional information, see Appendix D3-B of the Census Bureau's Statistical Quality Standards, "Requirements for Calculating and Reporting Response Rates:  Economic Surveys and Censuses."

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Percent of total employees imputed (%)

Percent of total employees that was imputed based on historic data, administrative data, industry averages, or other statistical methods and not directly reported nor obtained from “equivalent quality" data sources.  Equivalent quality data are data obtained from an alternative source of sufficient quality such that its data are treated as reported data when calculating standard response measures.  For additional information, see Appendix D3-B of the Census Bureau's Statistical Quality Standards, "Requirements for Calculating and Reporting Response Rates: Economic Surveys and Censuses."

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Percent of total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue imputed (%)

Percent of total NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue that was imputed based on historic data, administrative data, industry averages, or other statistical methods and not directly reported nor obtained from “equivalent quality" data sources.  Equivalent quality data are data obtained from an alternative source of sufficient quality such that its data are treated as reported data when calculating standard response measures.  For additional information, see Appendix D3-B of the Census Bureau's Statistical Quality Standards, "Requirements for Calculating and Reporting Response Rates: Economic Surveys and Censuses."

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Percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue imputed (%)

Percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue that was imputed based on historic data, administrative data, industry averages, or other statistical methods and not directly reported nor obtained from “equivalent quality" data sources.  Equivalent quality data are data obtained from an alternative source of sufficient quality such that its data are treated as reported data when calculating standard response measures.  For additional information, see Appendix D3-B of the Census Bureau's Statistical Quality Standards, "Requirements for Calculating and Reporting Response Rates: Economic Surveys and Censuses."

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Quantity produced for the NAPCS collection code

Quantity produced.

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Quantity shipped for the NAPCS collection code

Quantity shipped.

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Relative standard error of NAPCS collection code sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of sampling variability that expresses the standard error as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers.  For example, an estimate of $200 that has an estimated standard error of $10 has an estimated RSE of 10/200 = 0.05 or 5 percent when expressed as a percentage.  The RSE may also be referred to as a coefficient of variation (CV).  For additional information on measures of sampling variability, see the technical documentation.

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Response coverage of class of customer inquiry (%)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments responding to class of customer inquiry as percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue.

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Response coverage of exported services employment (%)

Employment of establishments responding to exported services inquiry as percent of total employment.

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Response coverage of exported services sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments responding to exported services inquiry as a percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue.

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Response coverage of franchise inquiry (%)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments responding to franchise status inquiry as percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue.

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Sales, value of shipments, or revenue from exported services ($1,000)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue from exported services.  Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

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Sales, value of shipments, or revenue ($1,000)

General Definition

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue refers to all appropriate dollar volume measures including total sales, value of shipments, revenue, receipts, or business done at any time during the census year, whether or not payment was received during the census year, by domestic establishments (excluding foreign subsidiaries) within the scope of the economic census. Detailed descriptions of each are included in the sector-specific information below.

Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Sector-Specific Information

Accommodation and Food Services Sector

Includes sales from customers for services rendered, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold.

Excludes carrying or other credit charges; sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others; and commissions or revenue from the sale of government lottery tickets.

Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; and Other Services (except Public Administration)

For service establishments subject to federal income tax, this includes gross revenue from customers or clients for services provided, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold. For advertising agencies, travel industries, and other service establishments operating on a commission basis, revenue includes commissions, fees, and other operation income, NOT gross billings and sales. Excise taxes on gasoline, liquor, tobacco, etc., which are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed on in the cost of goods purchased by the service establishment, are also included. The establishments' share of revenue from departments, concessions, and vending and amusement machines operated by others are included. Revenue also includes amounts received from the rental and leasing of vehicles, equipment, instruments, and tools; the total value of service contracts; market value of compensation received in lieu of cash; amounts received for work subcontracted to others; and dues and assessments from members and affiliates. Revenue from services performed for foreign parent firms, subsidiaries, and branches are included. Independent artists, writers, and performers include royalties in revenue.

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others; sales of used equipment previously rented or leased to customers; domestic intracompany transfers; proceeds from the sale of real estate (land and buildings), investments, or other assets (except inventory held for resale); income from interest, rental of real estate, dividends, contributions, and grants; revenue of foreign parent firms and subsidiaries; and other nonoperating income, such as franchise fees. Revenue does not include service receipts of manufacturers, wholesalers, retail establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than services rendered (e.g, sale of merchandise to individuals or other businesses) by establishments primarily engaged in performing services and classified in the service industries. Revenue is net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers.

For service establishments exempt from federal income tax, this includes revenue from customers or clients for services provided and gross sales of merchandise, minus returns and allowances. Also included are income from interest, dividends, gross rents (including display space rentals and share of revenue from departments operated by other companies), gross contributions, gifts, grants (whether or not restricted for use in operations), royalties, dues and assessments from members and affiliates, commissions earned from the sale of merchandise owned by others (including commissions from vending machine operators), and gross revenue from fundraising activities. Revenue now includes gains or losses from the sale of real estate (land and buildings), investments, or other assets (except inventory held for resale). Revenue from taxable business activities of firms exempt from federal income tax (unrelated business income) are also included.

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others; and amounts transferred to operating funds from capital or reserve funds.

Construction Sector

Includes the value of construction work done during the year for construction work performed by general contractors and special trade contractors. Included is new construction, additions and alterations or reconstruction, and maintenance and repair construction work. Also included is the value of any business done by the reporting establishments for themselves.

Speculative builders were instructed to include the value of buildings and other structures built or being built for sale in the current year but not sold. They were to include the costs of such construction plus normal profit. Also included is the cost of construction work done on buildings for rent or lease.

Establishments engaged in the sale and installation of such construction components as plumbing, heating, and central air-conditioning supplies and equipment; lumber and building materials; paint, glass, and wallpaper; electrical and wiring supplies; and elevators or escalators were instructed to include both the value for the installation and the receipts covering the price of the items installed.

Finance and Insurance Sector

Includes revenue from all business activities, including commissions and fees from all sources, rents, net investment income, interest, dividends, royalties, and net insurance premiums earned. Revenue from leasing property marketed under operating leases is included, as well as interest earned from property marketed under capital, finance, or full payout leases. Revenue also includes the total value of service contracts and amounts received for work subcontracted to others.

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency.

Information Sector

Includes gross revenue from customers or clients for services provided, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold. Revenue includes royalties, license fees, and other payments from the marketing of intangible products (e.g., licensing the use of or granting reproduction rights for software, musical compositions, and other intellectual property). Revenue also includes the rental and leasing of vehicles, equipment, instruments, tools, etc.; total value of service contracts; market value of compensation received in lieu of cash; amounts received for work subcontracted to others; dues and assessments from members and affiliates; this establishment's share of revenue from departments, concessions, and vending and amusement machines operated by others. Sales to and revenue from services performed for foreign parent firms, subsidiaries, and branches are included. Revenue also includes advertising sales, and sales of goods and services marketed through sales offices. For public broadcast stations and libraries, revenue includes contributions, gifts, grants, and income from interest, rental of real estate, and dividends.

Excludes gross revenue collected on behalf of others; sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others. Also excluded are sales of used equipment previously rented or leased to customers; proceeds from the sale of real estate (land and buildings), investments, or other assets (except inventory held for resale); contributions, gifts, grants, and income from interest, rental of real estate, and dividends, EXCEPT for public broadcast stations and libraries; domestic intracompany transfers; revenue of foreign parent firms and subsidiaries; and other nonoperating income (e.g., franchise fees).

Management of Companies and Enterprises Sector

Includes gross revenue from services provided, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold. Revenue also includes income from interest, rental of real estate, or dividends; contributions, gifts, and grants of not-for-profit organizations exempt from federal income tax; revenue from services performed for foreign parent firms, subsidiaries, branches, etc; the establishments' share of revenue from departments, concessions, and vending and amusement machines operated by others; revenue from the rental and leasing of vehicles, equipment, instruments, and tools; the total value or service contracts; market value of compensation received in lieu of cash; amounts received for work subcontracted to others; franchise sales and fees, license fees, and royalties; and gains and losses from the sale of real estate (land and bulidings), investments, or other assets (except inventory held for resale).

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others; domestic intracompany transfers; and revenue of foreign parent firms and subsidiaries.

Manufacturing and Mining Sectors

Includes the net selling values (exclusive of freight and excise taxes) of all products shipped including installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and sold without further processing. Included are all products physically shipped by the establishments, whether sold, transferred to other plants of the same firm, or shipped on consignments. For products transferred to other establishments of the same firm, or prepared on a custom or toll basis, firms were requested to report the estimated value, not merely the cost of producing the product. In the case of multiunit firms, the mineral operation was requested to report the value of products transferred to the other establishments of the same firm at full economic or commercial value, including not only the direct cost of production but also a reasonable proportion of "all other costs" (including firm overhead) profit.

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing Sector

Includes revenue from all business activities, including commissions and fees from all sources, rents, net investment income, interest, dividends, and royalties. Revenue from leasing property marketed under operating leases is included. Revenue also includes the total value of service contracts, amounts received for work subcontracted to others, and rents from real property sublet to others.

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency.

Retail Trade Sector

Includes merchandise sold for cash and credit at retail and wholesale by establishments primarily engaged in retail trade; amounts received from customers for layaway purchases; revenue from rental of vehicles, equipment, instruments, tools, etc.; revenue for delivery, installation, maintenance, repair, alteration, storage, and other services; the total value of service contracts; gasoline, liquor, tobacco, and other excise taxes which are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed on to the retailer; and shipping and handling receipts. Also included are non-retail merchandise sales by establishments primarily engaged in retail trade to industrial users and to retailers.

Sales are net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Trade-in allowances are not deducted from sales.

Excludes carrying or other credit charges; sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency; gross revenue of departments or concessions operated by others; and commissions or revenue from the sale of government lottery tickets. Also excluded are retail sales made by manufacturers, wholesalers, service establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than retail trade.

Transportation and Warehousing and Utilities Sectors

Includes revenue from all business activities.

Excludes sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a local, state, or federal tax agency.

Wholesale Trade Sector

Includes merchandise sold for cash and credit by establishments primarily engaged in wholesale trade; receipts for delivery, installation, maintenance, repair, alteration, storage, and other services; the gross selling value of goods the establishment sold or purchased on a commission, brokerage, consignment, or agency basis for others; the actual value of trade-ins taken as partial payment for other merchandise; sales to foreign subsidiaries and affiliates and to the establishment's Foreign Sales Corporations (FSCs); receipts from rental or leasing of merchandise; gasoline, liquor, and tobacco excise taxes which are paid by the manufacturer and included in the cost of the goods purchased; liquor and tobacco stamps, taxes, and licenses sold; fees received for the arrangement of the foreign sale of goods which never entered the United States or its Foreign Trade Zones; shipping and handling receipts; and the value of transfers (billing) of farm products to other establishments in the firm.

Excludes carrying or other credit charges; sales and other taxes collected from customers and paid directly to a federal, state, or local tax agency; nonoperating income from such sources as investments, rental or sale of real estate, and interest; commissions received from selling and buying goods (unless the goods never entered the United States); foreign sale of goods which never entered the United States or its Foreign Trade Zones; refunds or allowances for returned merchandise; and transfers (billings) to other establishments in the firm, except those made by petroleum bulk plants to the firm's own retail service stations, retail fuel oil dealers, and retail liquefied petroleum (LP) gas dealers and those made by establishments selling farm products.

Sales shown for agents and brokers represent the value of the goods involved in the transactions rather than the commissions received or earnings.

Component ID: #ti1006907681
Component ID: #ti1674662099

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of largest firms as percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue (%)

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue for establishments in a specified firm size range as a percent of total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of all establishments.

Component ID: #ti583319109
Component ID: #ti429321550

Sales, value of shipments, or revenue of NAPCS collection code ($1,000)

Total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of a particular NAPCS collection code.  Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Component ID: #ti709795929
Component ID: #ti252057598

Total inventories, beginning of year ($1,000)

General Definition

The total value of merchandise inventories owned on December 31st of the year prior to the reporting year, regardless of where held. Excludes the value of inventories held by the establishment but owned by others.

Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Sector-Specific Information:

Manufacturing and Mining Sectors

When using inventory data by stage of fabrication for (all industries) and at the three-digit subsector level, it should be noted that an item treated as a finished product by an establishment in one industry may be reported as a raw material by an establishment in a different industry. For example, the finished-product inventories of a steel mill would be reported as raw materials by a stamping plant. Such differences are present in the inventory figures by stage of fabrication shown for all publication levels.

Total inventories and three stages of fabrication were collected for the Manufacturing industry:

1.  finished goods

2. work-in-process

3. materials, supplies, parts, fuels, etc.

Total inventories and two stages of fabrication were collected for the Mining industry:

1.  mineral products, crude petroleum, and natural gas liquids

2.  supplies, parts, fuels, etc.

Inventory valuation methods include:

1.      Subject to Last-in, First-out (LIFO) costing (including LIFO reserve and value)

2.      Not subject to LIFO costing

3.      Valuation method not reported

4.      Amount subject to LIFO reported without associated reserve and value

Component ID: #ti1386040333
Component ID: #ti1226221110

Total inventories, end of year ($1,000)

General Definition

The total value of merchandise inventories owned on December 31st of the reporting year (and/or the prior year if applicable), regardless of where held. Excludes the value of inventories held by the establishment but owned by others.

Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Sector-Specific Information

Manufacturing and Mining Sectors

When using inventory data by stage of fabrication for (all industries) and at the three-digit subsector level, it should be noted that an item treated as a finished product by an establishment in one industry may be reported as a raw material by an establishment in a different industry. For example, the finished-product inventories of a steel mill would be reported as raw materials by a stamping plant. Such differences are present in the inventory figures by stage of fabrication shown for all publication levels.

Total inventories and three stages of fabrication were collected for the Manufacturing industry:

1.  finished goods

2. work-in-process

3. materials, supplies, parts, fuels, etc.

Total inventories and two stages of fabrication were collected for the Mining industry:

1.  mineral products, crude petroleum, and natural gas liquids

2.  supplies, parts, fuels, etc.

Inventory valuation methods include:

1.      Subject to Last-in, First-out (LIFO) costing (including LIFO reserve and value)

2.      Not subject to LIFO costing

3.      Valuation method not reported

4.      Amount subject to LIFO reported without associated reserve and value

Component ID: #ti1860371931
Component ID: #ti240983760

Total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments with the NAPCS collection code ($1,000)

Total sales, value of shipments, or revenue of establishments with sales, value of shipments, or revenue for a particular NAPCS collection code.  Data are shown in thousands of dollars ($1,000).

Component ID: #ti1178133626
Component ID: #ti1446730430

Unit of measurement for the NAPCS collection code

Unit of measurement.

Component ID: #ti855537436
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