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Essex County, Virginia

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Essex County, Virginia
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 10,599
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 11,151
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 645
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 1.5%
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 5,812
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 66.6%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $213,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $1,272
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $468
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $881
Building permits, 2022 41
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 4,299
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.44
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 5.1%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 84.4%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 69.4%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 84.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 15.9%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 12.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 55.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 48.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 20,522
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 78,570
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 3,940
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 221,169
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $20,180
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 36.4
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $54,375
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $28,248
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2021 297
Total employment, 2021 3,106
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 114,954
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -4.4%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2020 766
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 274
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 150
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 20
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 191
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 203
Population per square mile, 2020 41.2
Population per square mile, 2010 43.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 257.34
Land area in square miles, 2010 257.12
FIPS Code 51057
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. ] Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

In Vintage 2022, as a result of the formal request from the state, Connecticut transitioned from eight counties to nine planning regions. For more details, please see the Vintage 2022 release notes available here: Release Notes.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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