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Essex County, Massachusetts

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Essex County, Massachusetts
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 809,829
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 743,159
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2017-2021 29,880
Foreign born persons, percent, 2017-2021 17.9%
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 330,149
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2017-2021 63.6%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2017-2021 $462,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2017-2021 $2,522
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2017-2021 $939
Median gross rent, 2017-2021 $1,392
Building permits, 2022 856
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2017-2021 307,959
Persons per household, 2017-2021 2.56
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2017-2021 89.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2017-2021 27.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2017-2021 93.0%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2017-2021 88.8%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 89.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2017-2021 41.2%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2017-2021 7.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 67.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2017-2021 63.9%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 2,008,185
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 6,148,519
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 674,476
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 11,318,805
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $14,416
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2017-2021 29.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $86,684
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2021 dollars), 2017-2021 $46,263
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2021 19,381
Total employment, 2021 275,027
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 17,887,716
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -7.7%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2020 69,374
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 15,864
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,028
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,603
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,603
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 12,660
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 981
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 13,101
Population per square mile, 2020 1,644.3
Population per square mile, 2010 1,508.8
Land area in square miles, 2020 492.52
Land area in square miles, 2010 492.56
FIPS Code 25009
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. ] Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

In Vintage 2022, as a result of the formal request from the state, Connecticut transitioned from eight counties to nine planning regions. For more details, please see the Vintage 2022 release notes available here: Release Notes.

The vintage year (e.g., V2022) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2022). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2017-2021 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2021 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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