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QuickFacts

California; Montana; Wyoming

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

California
Montana
Wyoming
Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 39,557,045 1,062,305 577,737
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 39,512,223 1,068,778 578,759
Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 39,557,045 1,062,305 577,737
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 37,254,519 989,407 563,775
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2018) 37,254,523 989,409 563,773
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 6.1% 8.0% 2.7%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2018, (V2018) 6.2% 7.4% 2.5%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 37,253,956 989,415 563,626
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.2%
5.9%
6.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
22.7%
21.6%
23.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
14.3%
18.7%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
50.3%
49.7%
49.0%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
72.1%
89.0%
92.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
6.5%
0.6%
1.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.6%
6.6%
2.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
15.3%
0.9%
1.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
3.9%
2.8%
2.2%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
39.3%
4.0%
10.1%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
36.8%
85.9%
83.8%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 1,618,861 85,480 45,389
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 26.9% 2.2% 3.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 14,277,157 515,175 278,595
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 54.6% 67.7% 69.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $475,900 $219,600 $213,300
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $2,282 $1,386 $1,428
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $569 $421 $415
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $1,429 $783 $843
Building permits, 2018 113,502 5,099 1,812
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 12,965,435 423,240 230,630
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.96 2.39 2.46
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 86.7% 84.2% 83.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 44.1% 4.1% 7.3%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 91.7% 87.3% 90.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 84.7% 78.1% 81.1%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 82.9% 93.2% 92.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 33.3% 31.2% 26.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 6.8% 9.2% 8.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
8.3%
10.0%
12.5%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 63.1% 63.1% 66.4%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 57.2% 59.4% 61.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 90,830,372 2,420,455 1,644,844
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 248,953,592 6,469,475 3,291,478
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 512,303,164 11,535,236 10,783,794
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 666,652,186 12,645,824 5,597,891
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 481,800,461 15,623,573 9,446,043
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,665 $15,544 $16,388
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 29.3 18.0 17.8
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $71,228 $52,559 $62,268
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $35,021 $29,765 $32,295
Persons in poverty, percent
12.8%
13.0%
11.1%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2017 941,3771 38,1921 21,1481
Total employment, 2017 14,896,6251 376,5651 201,8641
Total annual payroll, 2017 ($1,000) 955,043,8431 14,773,1931 9,436,1101
Total employment, percent change, 2016-2017 2.0%1 -0.5%1 -3.2%1
Total nonemployer establishments, 2017 3,374,050 91,520 51,309
All firms, 2012 3,548,449 112,419 62,427
Men-owned firms, 2012 1,852,580 55,913 30,039
Women-owned firms, 2012 1,320,085 35,449 19,344
Minority-owned firms, 2012 1,619,857 5,578 4,077
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 1,819,107 102,746 55,397
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 252,377 11,486 6,470
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 3,176,341 93,393 51,353
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 239.1 6.8 5.8
Land area in square miles, 2010 155,779.22 145,545.80 97,093.14
FIPS Code 06 30 56
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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