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QuickFacts

California; New York

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

California
New York
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
39,040,616
19,673,200
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
38,965,193
19,571,216
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
39,040,616
19,673,200
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
39,538,212
20,202,320
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
39,538,212
20,202,320
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-1.4%
-3.1%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-1.3%
-2.6%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 39,538,223 20,201,249
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 37,253,956 19,378,102
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.5%
5.4%
Persons under 18 years, percent
21.8%
20.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.8%
18.1%
Female persons, percent
49.9%
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
70.7%
68.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
6.5%
17.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.7%
1.0%
Asian alone, percent(a)
16.3%
9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.5%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
4.3%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
40.3%
19.7%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
34.7%
54.2%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 1,415,562 634,062
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 26.5% 22.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 14,627,460 8,586,228
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 55.6% 54.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $659,300 $384,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,759 $2,441
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $732 $894
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,856 $1,507
Building permits, 2022 119,667 41,972
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 13,315,822 7,604,523
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.89 2.55
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 88.4% 89.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 43.9% 30.6%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 95.9% 93.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 91.5% 88.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 84.4% 87.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 35.9% 38.8%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.1% 7.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
7.5%
5.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.3% 62.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 57.8% 58.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 133,716,870 66,963,525
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 311,312,156 193,507,585
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 99,160,737 50,015,058
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 594,861,377 291,724,887
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,122 $14,889
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 29.2 33.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $91,905 $81,386
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $45,591 $47,173
Persons in poverty, percent
12.2%
14.3%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 998,582 535,758
Total employment, 2021 14,835,360 7,887,280
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 1,296,166,512 664,474,939
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -5.6% -8.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 3,426,315 1,779,834
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 742,139 447,820
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 435,455 292,770
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 150,552 91,676
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 237,419 97,856
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 449,317 320,977
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 34,619 17,579
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 655,275 399,676
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 253.7 428.7
Population per square mile, 2010 239.1 411.2
Land area in square miles, 2020 155,858.33 47,123.59
Land area in square miles, 2010 155,779.22 47,126.40
FIPS Code 06 36
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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