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QuickFacts

California

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

California
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
35.2%
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
39,237,836
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
39,538,223
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.8%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 39,538,223
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 37,253,956
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
22.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.2%
Female persons, percent
50.0%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
71.1%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
15.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.5%
Two or More Races, percent
4.2%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
40.2%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
35.2%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 1,525,746
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 26.6%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 14,512,281
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 55.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $538,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,422
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $618
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,586
Building permits, 2021 119,436
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 13,103,114
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.94
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 87.6%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 43.9%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 94.3%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 88.9%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 83.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 34.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 6.8%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
8.1%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 63.3%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 57.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 133,716,870
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 311,312,156
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 99,160,737
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 594,861,377
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,122
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 29.8
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $78,672
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $38,576
Persons in poverty, percent
12.3%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 981,369
Total employment, 2020 15,710,859
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 1,132,425,660
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 1.3%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 3,458,667
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 742,139
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 435,455
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 150,552
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 237,419
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 449,317
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 34,619
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 655,275
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 253.7
Population per square mile, 2010 239.1
Land area in square miles, 2020 155,858.33
Land area in square miles, 2010 155,779.22
FIPS Code 06
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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