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QuickFacts

Colorado

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Colorado
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $47,346
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
5,877,610
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
5,841,039
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
5,773,707
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
5,773,707
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
1.8%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
1.2%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 5,773,714
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 5,029,196
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.3%
Persons under 18 years, percent
20.8%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
15.7%
Female persons, percent
49.2%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
86.2%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
4.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
1.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
3.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
3.4%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
22.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
66.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 357,465
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 9.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 2,591,780
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 66.2%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $465,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,109
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $578
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,594
Building permits, 2022 48,839
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 2,278,044
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.48
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 82.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 16.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 96.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 91.8%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 92.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 43.7%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
8.3%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 67.7%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 63.1%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 19,455,751
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 40,055,755
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 15,882,039
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 84,930,644
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $15,119
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 25.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $87,598
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $47,346
Persons in poverty, percent
9.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 179,827
Total employment, 2021 2,416,632
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 161,092,749
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -3.7%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 569,521
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 134,869
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 76,705
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 29,438
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 13,291
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 111,061
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 8,858
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 114,621
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 55.7
Population per square mile, 2010 48.5
Land area in square miles, 2020 103,637.06
Land area in square miles, 2010 103,641.89
FIPS Code 08
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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