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QuickFacts

Massachusetts

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Massachusetts
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
6,984,723
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
6,984,723
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
7,029,917
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
-0.6%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 7,029,917
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 6,547,629
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
19.5%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
17.4%
Female persons, percent
51.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
79.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
9.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.5%
Asian alone, percent(a)
7.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.7%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
12.8%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
70.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 290,648
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 16.9%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) 3,017,901
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 62.5%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $398,800
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,268
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $829
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,336
Building permits, 2021 19,853
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 2,646,980
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.50
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 87.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 23.9%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 92.6%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 88.2%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 91.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 44.5%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 7.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
2.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 67.1%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 63.4%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 22,892,801
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 74,023,959
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 13,596,083
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 110,194,522
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $16,055
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 30.0
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $84,385
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $45,555
Persons in poverty, percent
10.4%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 179,456
Total employment, 2020 3,390,833
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) 242,544,798
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 0.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 576,528
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 138,829
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 89,993
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 23,778
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 15,015
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 111,958
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 8,299
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 117,263
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 901.2
Population per square mile, 2010 839.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 7,800.96
Land area in square miles, 2010 7,800.06
FIPS Code 25
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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