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QuickFacts

Boston city, Massachusetts; Cambridge city, Massachusetts; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Boston city, Massachusetts
Cambridge city, Massachusetts
United States
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 692,600 118,927 328,239,523
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 692,600 118,927 328,239,523
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 617,792 105,148 308,758,105
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 12.1% 13.1% 6.3%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 617,594 105,162 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.1%
4.4%
6.0%
Persons under 18 years, percent
16.2%
12.4%
22.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.2%
11.3%
16.5%
Female persons, percent
51.9%
50.6%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
52.6%
67.0%
76.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
25.3%
11.0%
13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.2%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
9.6%
16.0%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
5.1%
4.1%
2.8%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
19.7%
9.2%
18.5%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
44.5%
60.8%
60.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 16,547 1,967 18,611,432
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 28.5% 28.8% 13.5%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) X X 139,684,244
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 35.2% 35.8% 63.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $487,300 $719,300 $204,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $2,369 $2,664 $1,558
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $804 $856 $490
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $1,539 $2,071 $1,023
Building permits, 2019 X X 1,386,048
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 266,724 46,184 119,730,128
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.37 2.14 2.63
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 79.9% 74.8% 85.5%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 38.0% 33.4% 21.5%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 89.7% 93.3% 88.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 83.6% 86.7% 80.4%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 86.4% 95.1% 87.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 48.5% 77.4% 31.5%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 8.6% 4.4% 8.6%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
4.2%
2.3%
9.5%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 68.8% 69.6% 62.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 66.4% 67.1% 58.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 4,409,241 784,162 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 16,734,496 1,491,383 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 3,334,504 464,625 5,696,729,632
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,074,780 1,696,928 5,208,023,478
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,885,597 1,366,450 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,389 $12,834 $13,443
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 30.8 26.1 26.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $65,883 $95,404 $60,293
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $42,010 $54,685 $32,621
Persons in poverty, percent
20.2%
13.2%
10.5%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2018 X X 7,912,405
Total employment, 2018 X X 130,881,471
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) X X 7,097,310,272
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 X X 1.8%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 X X 26,485,532
All firms, 2012 59,268 13,156 27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 33,543 7,049 14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 19,390 4,783 9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 17,686 2,527 7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 37,403 9,581 18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 4,569 1,034 2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 50,282 11,144 24,070,685
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 12,792.7 16,470.2 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 48.28 6.39 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 2507000 2511000 1
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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