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QuickFacts

Boston city, Massachusetts; Middlesex County, Massachusetts; Suffolk County, Massachusetts; Massachusetts; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Boston city, Massachusetts
Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Suffolk County, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
United States
Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 694,583 1,614,714 807,252 6,902,149 327,167,434
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018) 694,583 1,614,714 807,252 6,902,149 327,167,434
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2018) 617,786 1,503,123 722,190 6,547,790 308,758,105
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2018, (V2018) 12.4% 7.4% 11.8% 5.4% 6.0%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 617,594 1,503,085 722,023 6,547,629 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.2%
5.3%
5.2%
5.2%
6.1%
Persons under 18 years, percent
16.3%
19.7%
16.6%
19.8%
22.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.0%
15.3%
12.0%
16.5%
16.0%
Female persons, percent
51.9%
51.0%
51.7%
51.5%
50.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
52.8%
78.5%
61.5%
80.8%
76.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
25.3%
5.9%
24.7%
8.9%
13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.5%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
9.5%
12.9%
9.3%
7.1%
5.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
Two or More Races, percent
4.9%
2.4%
3.6%
2.5%
2.7%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
19.4%
8.3%
23.4%
12.3%
18.3%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
44.9%
71.6%
44.9%
71.4%
60.4%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2013-2017 16,221 61,777 19,646 325,299 18,939,219
Foreign born persons, percent, 2013-2017 28.3% 20.5% 29.5% 16.2% 13.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2018, (V2018) X 641,398 342,052 2,914,929 138,537,078
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2013-2017 35.3% 62.6% 36.3% 62.4% 63.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2013-2017 $455,100 $453,300 $430,900 $352,600 $193,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2013-2017 $2,293 $2,448 $2,267 $2,102 $1,515
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2013-2017 $776 $880 $784 $754 $474
Median gross rent, 2013-2017 $1,445 $1,455 $1,419 $1,173 $982
Building permits, 2018 X 4,309 3,738 17,044 1,328,827
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2013-2017 263,229 593,784 303,676 2,585,715 118,825,921
Persons per household, 2013-2017 2.36 2.57 2.41 2.53 2.63
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2013-2017 79.5% 86.5% 80.5% 87.0% 85.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2013-2017 37.6% 26.0% 39.7% 23.1% 21.3%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2013-2017 88.2% 91.1% 87.7% 88.9% 87.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2013-2017 81.4% 86.7% 80.7% 83.0% 78.1%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2013-2017 86.1% 92.8% 85.2% 90.3% 87.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2013-2017 47.4% 54.1% 43.6% 42.1% 30.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2013-2017 8.7% 5.7% 8.8% 7.9% 8.7%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
4.2%
3.0%
4.2%
3.2%
10.0%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2013-2017 68.8% 69.7% 68.9% 67.3% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2013-2017 66.2% 65.2% 65.8% 63.4% 58.2%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 4,409,241 3,940,307 4,550,958 17,508,975 708,138,598
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 16,734,496 15,136,621 16,983,330 63,583,090 2,040,441,203
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 3,334,504 22,760,719 3,805,223 81,927,799 5,696,729,632
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,074,780 46,631,358 12,840,656 123,904,370 5,208,023,478
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,885,597 21,344,600 8,850,957 92,915,380 4,219,821,871
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $12,389 $13,885 $11,890 $13,980 $13,443
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2013-2017 30.4 30.3 30.7 29.3 26.4
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2017 dollars), 2013-2017 $62,021 $92,878 $61,242 $74,167 $57,652
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2017 dollars), 2013-2017 $39,686 $47,616 $38,031 $39,913 $31,177
Persons in poverty, percent
20.5%
8.0%
17.9%
10.0%
11.8%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2016 X 44,154 21,204 177,6311 7,757,807
Total employment, 2016 X 887,777 612,391 3,254,7811 126,752,238
Total annual payroll, 2016 ($1,000) X 67,139,279 51,556,573 204,747,2001 6,435,142,055
Total employment, percent change, 2015-2016 X 2.0% 2.9% 2.8%1 2.1%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2017 X 146,222 62,985 559,925 25,701,671
All firms, 2012 59,268 153,958 66,834 607,664 27,626,360
Men-owned firms, 2012 33,543 88,608 38,307 357,158 14,844,597
Women-owned firms, 2012 19,390 51,807 21,877 199,210 9,878,397
Minority-owned firms, 2012 17,686 24,102 20,276 89,967 7,952,386
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 37,403 124,407 42,276 499,959 18,987,918
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 4,569 13,412 5,091 58,339 2,521,682
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 50,282 134,199 57,225 525,667 24,070,685
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 12,792.7 1,837.9 12,415.7 839.4 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2010 48.28 817.82 58.15 7,800.06 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 2507000 25017 25025 25 00
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2018) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2018). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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