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QuickFacts

District of Columbia, District of Columbia; United States

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

District of Columbia, District of Columbia
United States
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
678,972
334,914,895
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
678,972
334,914,895
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
670,949
333,271,411
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
689,548
331,464,948
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
689,548
331,464,948
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
-1.5%
1.0%
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-2.7%
0.5%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 689,545 331,449,281
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 601,723 308,745,538
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.8%
5.6%
Persons under 18 years, percent
18.5%
21.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
13.0%
17.3%
Female persons, percent
52.4%
50.4%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
46.2%
75.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
45.0%
13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.7%
1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
4.7%
6.3%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.2%
0.3%
Two or More Races, percent
3.2%
3.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
11.7%
19.1%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
37.5%
58.9%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 21,665 17,038,807
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 13.4% 13.7%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) 360,890 143,786,655
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 41.4% 64.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $705,000 $281,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,958 $1,828
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $821 $584
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,817 $1,268
Building permits, 2022 7,705 1,665,088
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 315,785 125,736,353
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.03 2.57
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 80.8% 86.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 17.5% 21.7%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 95.4% 94.0%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 89.0% 88.3%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 92.7% 89.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 62.6% 34.3%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.9% 8.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
3.7%
9.3%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 71.4% 63.0%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 69.8% 58.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 6,739,810 938,237,077
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 11,400,214 2,527,903,275
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 2,155,311 895,225,411
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 5,533,913 4,949,601,481
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $7,939 $15,224
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 30.5 26.7
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $101,722 $75,149
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $71,297 $41,261
Persons in poverty, percent
14.2%
11.5%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 24,089 8,148,606
Total employment, 2021 483,307 128,346,299
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) 48,858,672 8,278,573,947
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 -11.0% -4.3%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 60,405 28,477,518
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 14,977 5,744,643
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,878 3,480,438
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,932 1,134,549
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,917 1,014,958
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 7,629 4,371,152
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 655 351,237
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,074 4,968,606
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 11,280.7 93.8
Population per square mile, 2010 9,856.6 87.4
Land area in square miles, 2020 61.13 3,533,038.28
Land area in square miles, 2010 61.05 3,531,905.43
FIPS Code 11001 1
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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