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QuickFacts

Houston city, Texas; Phoenix city, Arizona; Fresno city, California

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Houston city, Texas
Phoenix city, Arizona
Fresno city, California
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 2,320,268 1,680,992 531,576
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 2,320,268 1,680,992 531,576
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 2,095,517 1,446,691 497,172
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 10.7% 16.2% 6.9%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 2,099,451 1,445,632 494,665
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
7.6%
7.2%
8.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent
25.1%
26.1%
28.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
10.5%
10.6%
11.1%
Female persons, percent
50.1%
50.2%
50.9%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
57.0%
72.9%
60.5%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
22.6%
7.1%
7.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
2.1%
1.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.8%
3.8%
13.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
2.2%
3.9%
4.2%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
45.0%
42.6%
49.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
24.4%
42.5%
26.9%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 69,375 71,783 18,889
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 29.3% 19.4% 20.4%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) X X X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 42.3% 54.4% 46.7%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $171,800 $235,400 $242,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,646 $1,465 $1,584
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $536 $454 $474
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,041 $1,053 $1,005
Building permits, 2019 X X X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 858,374 565,832 168,625
Persons per household, 2015-2019 2.65 2.85 3.06
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 81.5% 83.7% 83.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 48.9% 37.4% 43.4%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 89.2% 91.6% 89.7%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 80.0% 82.6% 81.5%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 78.9% 81.9% 77.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 32.9% 28.6% 21.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 6.4% 7.8% 10.5%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
25.4%
15.5%
9.1%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 67.2% 67.1% 61.8%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 59.1% 61.1% 56.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,746,585 3,479,625 841,297
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 23,365,238 10,967,040 4,486,734
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 53,787,073 12,978,949 4,367,746
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 322,772,620 31,193,680 5,459,791
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 41,589,435 18,448,380 5,960,155
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $19,247 $12,392 $11,782
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 27.7 26.2 22.2
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $52,338 $57,459 $50,432
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $32,521 $29,343 $23,564
Persons in poverty, percent
20.1%
18.0%
25.2%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2018 X X X
Total employment, 2018 X X X
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) X X X
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 X X X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 X X X
All firms, 2012 260,347 124,033 35,334
Men-owned firms, 2012 134,236 63,479 17,898
Women-owned firms, 2012 102,813 44,294 13,763
Minority-owned firms, 2012 155,654 39,596 19,484
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 95,726 78,757 14,375
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 20,817 10,784 2,595
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 229,093 106,575 30,889
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 3,501.5 2,797.8 4,418.3
Land area in square miles, 2010 599.59 516.70 111.96
FIPS Code 4835000 0455000 0627000
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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