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Houston city, Texas

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Houston city, Texas
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 2,095,517
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 2,320,268
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 2,095,517
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 10.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 2,099,451
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2014-2018 69,531
Foreign born persons, percent, 2014-2018 29.5%
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018 42.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 $161,300
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2014-2018 $1,598
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2014-2018 $524
Median gross rent, 2014-2018 $990
Building permits, 2019 X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2014-2018 848,340
Persons per household, 2014-2018 2.67
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2014-2018 81.2%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2014-2018 48.8%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018 87.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2014-2018 77.0%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 78.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2014-2018 32.1%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2014-2018 6.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 67.5%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2014-2018 59.3%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 7,746,585
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 23,365,238
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 53,787,073
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 322,772,620
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 41,589,435
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $19,247
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2014-2018 27.4
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $51,140
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2018 dollars), 2014-2018 $31,576
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2018 X
Total employment, 2018 X
Total annual payroll, 2018 ($1,000) X
Total employment, percent change, 2017-2018 X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 X
All firms, 2012 260,347
Men-owned firms, 2012 134,236
Women-owned firms, 2012 102,813
Minority-owned firms, 2012 155,654
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 95,726
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 20,817
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 229,093
Population per square mile, 2010 3,501.5
Land area in square miles, 2010 599.59
FIPS Code 4835000
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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