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QuickFacts

Merced County, California; Madera County, California; Kings County, California; Colusa County, California

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Merced County, California
Madera County, California
Kings County, California
Colusa County, California
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
61.0%
58.8%
55.3%
60.4%
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 277,680 157,327 152,940 21,547
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 255,796 150,834 152,974 21,407
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) 8.6% 4.3% 0.0% 0.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 X X X X
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 255,793 150,865 152,982 21,419
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
7.7%
7.3%
7.6%
6.9%
Persons under 18 years, percent
29.3%
27.4%
27.0%
27.1%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.4%
14.3%
10.5%
14.9%
Female persons, percent
49.5%
51.8%
44.9%
49.1%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
82.2%
85.9%
80.8%
91.1%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
3.9%
4.2%
7.5%
1.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
2.5%
4.4%
3.2%
2.8%
Asian alone, percent(a)
7.8%
2.6%
4.4%
1.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.4%
0.3%
0.4%
0.6%
Two or More Races, percent
3.2%
2.6%
3.7%
2.7%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
61.0%
58.8%
55.3%
60.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
26.5%
33.2%
31.3%
34.1%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2015-2019 9,225 6,317 9,684 830
Foreign born persons, percent, 2015-2019 26.3% 20.2% 18.9% 27.0%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 86,388 51,438 46,965 8,125
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2015-2019 52.2% 64.1% 52.3% 61.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2015-2019 $252,700 $251,200 $215,900 $265,200
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2015-2019 $1,493 $1,551 $1,459 $1,590
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2015-2019 $460 $478 $446 $458
Median gross rent, 2015-2019 $1,021 $1,014 $990 $889
Building permits, 2020 1,019 852 306 10
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2015-2019 80,008 44,881 43,452 7,227
Persons per household, 2015-2019 3.32 3.28 3.13 2.94
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2015-2019 86.6% 87.9% 81.9% 87.8%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2015-2019 53.3% 45.3% 41.5% 51.7%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2015-2019 91.1% 89.8% 90.5% 86.8%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2015-2019 83.9% 79.9% 80.4% 81.0%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 69.1% 71.9% 73.4% 71.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2015-2019 13.8% 14.6% 14.7% 15.0%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2015-2019 9.1% 8.7% 8.6% 8.9%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
11.4%
11.0%
9.4%
12.2%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 59.6% 54.3% 51.8% 62.3%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2015-2019 51.0% 47.9% 51.5% 54.7%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 232,910 150,065 378,595 97,807
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 788,114 760,956 587,818 41,246
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 4,435,633 1,441,125 2,904,014 474,519
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 1,959,473 1,012,856 1,031,953 127,885
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $7,470 $6,654 $6,818 $5,973
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2015-2019 28.6 28.3 22.8 25.7
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $53,672 $57,585 $57,848 $59,401
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2019 dollars), 2015-2019 $23,011 $22,853 $22,373 $26,932
Persons in poverty, percent
17.0%
17.6%
16.0%
12.0%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2019 3,177 2,039 1,682 376
Total employment, 2019 46,799 27,690 25,541 3,873
Total annual payroll, 2019 ($1,000) 1,883,107 1,308,125 1,065,825 186,207
Total employment, percent change, 2018-2019 1.6% 2.0% -2.9% -4.5%
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 11,717 7,504 5,119 1,051
All firms, 2012 12,848 8,094 6,091 1,138
Men-owned firms, 2012 7,163 3,888 3,083 539
Women-owned firms, 2012 4,071 3,202 2,112 306
Minority-owned firms, 2012 6,912 3,203 2,862 397
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 5,448 4,524 2,876 656
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 1,060 618 691 55
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 11,149 7,044 5,039 944
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2010 132.2 70.6 110.1 18.6
Land area in square miles, 2010 1,934.97 2,137.07 1,389.42 1,150.73
FIPS Code 06047 06039 06031 06011
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2019) refers to the final year of the series (2010 thru 2019). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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