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QuickFacts

Tuscaloosa city, Alabama; Huntsville city, Alabama; Montgomery city, Alabama; Mobile city, Alabama; Birmingham city, Alabama

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Tuscaloosa city, Alabama
Huntsville city, Alabama
Montgomery city, Alabama
Mobile city, Alabama
Birmingham city, Alabama
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 58.0% 63.4% 59.3% 57.4% 59.1%
People
Population
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
100,618
216,963
198,665
184,952
197,575
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
99,706
214,372
200,567
186,833
200,763
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
0.9%
1.2%
-0.9%
-1.0%
-1.6%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 99,600 215,006 200,603 187,041 200,733
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 90,468 180,105 205,764 195,111 212,237
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
5.4%
6.0%
6.9%
5.8%
5.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
17.8%
19.9%
23.8%
21.3%
19.3%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
13.0%
16.4%
14.6%
16.6%
15.6%
Female persons, percent
51.7%
51.4%
53.1%
53.0%
53.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
50.9%
59.7%
31.5%
43.6%
26.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
44.1%
31.8%
60.8%
51.1%
68.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
Asian alone, percent(a)
2.5%
2.6%
3.2%
1.8%
1.2%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.0%
0.1%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
Two or More Races, percent
1.5%
3.0%
2.9%
2.5%
2.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
2.8%
6.3%
3.8%
2.7%
4.1%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
49.4%
56.5%
29.9%
42.1%
24.5%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 5,267 17,695 13,964 11,937 12,322
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 4.1% 6.4% 5.1% 3.4% 4.0%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) X X X X X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 48.2% 56.7% 54.1% 51.8% 45.9%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $190,100 $184,500 $121,100 $134,100 $97,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $1,345 $1,288 $1,099 $1,182 $1,118
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $439 $371 $382 $408 $403
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $858 $868 $905 $873 $870
Building permits, 2021 X X X X X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 36,749 86,961 79,331 78,089 91,598
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.49 2.20 2.43 2.36 2.20
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 76.1% 79.2% 78.3% 85.7% 79.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 6.2% 8.1% 6.5% 4.4% 5.8%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 88.7% 92.9% 89.6% 86.9% 85.6%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 80.3% 87.0% 82.9% 75.3% 76.7%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 90.9% 90.7% 87.0% 89.4% 87.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 38.3% 44.0% 33.4% 31.0% 28.9%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 8.0% 9.3% 12.4% 9.0% 14.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
8.6%
11.9%
12.3%
13.5%
14.7%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 58.0% 63.4% 59.3% 57.4% 59.1%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 55.5% 58.9% 57.0% 54.3% 56.8%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 443,009 716,178 842,166 626,052 774,835
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,176,448 3,099,938 2,103,918 2,505,897 7,422,734
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 305,254 597,667 368,363 667,214 1,166,791
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 1,962,224 4,332,538 3,349,203 4,116,930 3,084,055
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $19,687 $22,155 $16,723 $21,638 $14,608
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 19.1 19.3 20.0 22.3 21.7
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $44,507 $56,758 $49,608 $43,456 $38,832
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $26,891 $36,762 $28,720 $27,810 $25,725
Persons in poverty, percent
23.2%
15.2%
20.1%
20.1%
24.7%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2020 X X X X X
Total employment, 2020 X X X X X
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) X X X X X
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 X X X X X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2019 X X X X X
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,077 4,683 3,906 4,501 5,076
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,217 2,624 2,207 2,615 2,839
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 316 856 622 635 625
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 179 550 636 378 646
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,515 3,348 2,512 3,304 3,239
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 S 470 332 369 266
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 1,495 3,420 2,702 3,191 3,524
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 1,609.1 985.7 1,254.9 1,341.0 1,365.3
Population per square mile, 2010 1,501.9 861.5 1,289.5 1,402.6 1,453.0
Land area in square miles, 2020 61.90 218.12 159.86 139.48 147.03
Land area in square miles, 2010 60.23 209.05 159.57 139.11 146.07
FIPS Code 0177256 0137000 0151000 0150000 0107000
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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