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QuickFacts

Houston city, Texas

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Houston city, Texas
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
2,302,878
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
2,301,572
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
0.1%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 2,304,580
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 2,099,451
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
6.9%
Persons under 18 years, percent
23.9%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
11.6%
Female persons, percent
50.3%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
40.8%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
22.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.7%
Asian alone, percent(a)
6.9%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
14.9%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
44.8%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
23.6%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 63,152
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 28.9%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 42.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $235,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $1,973
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $605
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,235
Building permits, 2022 X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 897,510
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.52
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 82.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 48.1%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 94.1%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 87.3%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 79.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 35.2%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 7.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
26.9%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 66.9%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 59.5%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 11,039,101
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 32,073,432
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 26,597,641
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 53,089,247
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $22,952
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 27.4
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $60,440
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $38,834
Persons in poverty, percent
19.6%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 X
Total employment, 2021 X
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) X
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2020 X
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 55,378
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 32,405
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,556
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 17,464
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 31,672
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 3,127
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 45,861
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 3,598.4
Population per square mile, 2010 3,501.5
Land area in square miles, 2020 640.44
Land area in square miles, 2010 599.59
FIPS Code 4835000
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

In Vintage 2022, as a result of the formal request from the state, Connecticut transitioned from eight counties to nine planning regions. For more details, please see the Vintage 2022 release notes available here: Release Notes.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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