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QuickFacts

Boston city, Massachusetts

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties. Also for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.

Table

Boston city, Massachusetts
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
People
Population
Population estimates, July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
Population Estimates, July 1, 2022, (V2022)
650,706
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2023)
NA
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2022)
675,632
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2023, (V2023)
NA
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2022, (V2022)
-3.7%
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 675,647
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 617,594
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
4.7%
Persons under 18 years, percent
15.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent
12.3%
Female persons, percent
51.8%
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
48.6%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
22.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
0.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)
9.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
0.1%
Two or More Races, percent
12.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
19.6%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
44.2%
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2018-2022 13,282
Foreign born persons, percent, 2018-2022 28.1%
Housing
Housing units, July 1, 2022, (V2022) X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2018-2022 34.8%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2018-2022 $684,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2018-2022 $2,798
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2018-2022 $957
Median gross rent, 2018-2022 $1,981
Building permits, 2022 X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2018-2022 276,053
Persons per household, 2018-2022 2.26
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2018-2022 80.4%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2018-2022 36.0%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2018-2022 94.2%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2018-2022 89.6%
Education
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 88.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2018-2022 53.4%
Health
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2018-2022 8.4%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
3.6%
Economy
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 69.7%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2018-2022 67.9%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 6,072,943
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 21,411,934
Total transportation and warehousing receipts/revenue, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 5,475,132
Total retail sales, 2017 ($1,000)(c) 12,080,224
Total retail sales per capita, 2017(c) $17,552
Transportation
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2018-2022 30.6
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $89,212
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2022 dollars), 2018-2022 $55,949
Persons in poverty, percent
17.5%
Businesses
Businesses
Total employer establishments, 2021 X
Total employment, 2021 X
Total annual payroll, 2021 ($1,000) X
Total employment, percent change, 2020-2021 X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2021 X
All employer firms, Reference year 2017 15,358
Men-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 9,110
Women-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,316
Minority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 2,426
Nonminority-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 10,036
Veteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 536
Nonveteran-owned employer firms, Reference year 2017 11,997
Geography
Geography
Population per square mile, 2020 13,976.7
Population per square mile, 2010 12,792.7
Land area in square miles, 2020 48.34
Land area in square miles, 2010 48.28
FIPS Code 2507000
Value Notes

Methodology differences may exist between data sources, and so estimates from different sources are not comparable.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2023) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2023). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2018-2022 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2022 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

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