The census of agriculture continued to be conducted during the same year as the decennial census of population until 1950. Between 1954 and 1974, the U.S. Census Bureau conducted the census of agriculture in years ending in "4" and "9." Following the census of agriculture in 1978, the Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Agriculture decided to conduct this census in years ending in "2" and "7" (the same years as the economic and governments censuses).
Although the budget for the census of agriculture's moved to the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1997,
the Census Bureau's National Processing Center (above) continues to mail and process the census' questionnaires.