U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

end of header


Washington city, District of Columbia

QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more.


Washington city, District of Columbia
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 689,545
Population Estimates, July 1 2021, (V2021)
Population estimates base, April 1, 2020, (V2021)
Population, percent change - April 1, 2020 (estimates base) to July 1, 2021, (V2021)
Population, Census, April 1, 2020 689,545
Population, Census, April 1, 2010 601,723
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent
Persons under 18 years, percent
Persons 65 years and over, percent
Female persons, percent
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent
Black or African American alone, percent(a)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)
Asian alone, percent(a)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent(a)
Two or More Races, percent
Hispanic or Latino, percent(b)
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2016-2020 25,514
Foreign born persons, percent, 2016-2020 13.4%
Housing units, July 1, 2021, (V2021) X
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2016-2020 42.5%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2016-2020 $618,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2016-2020 $2,676
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2016-2020 $735
Median gross rent, 2016-2020 $1,607
Building permits, 2021 X
Families & Living Arrangements
Households, 2016-2020 288,307
Persons per household, 2016-2020 2.30
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2016-2020 80.7%
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2016-2020 17.2%
Computer and Internet Use
Households with a computer, percent, 2016-2020 93.0%
Households with a broadband Internet subscription, percent, 2016-2020 85.6%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 91.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2016-2020 59.8%
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2016-2020 8.2%
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 70.2%
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2016-2020 68.9%
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 5,101,602
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 8,963,981
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 309,832
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000)(c) 4,439,933
Total retail sales per capita, 2012(c) $7,022
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2016-2020 30.9
Income & Poverty
Median household income (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $90,842
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2020 dollars), 2016-2020 $58,659
Persons in poverty, percent
Total employer establishments, 2020 X
Total employment, 2020 X
Total annual payroll, 2020 ($1,000) X
Total employment, percent change, 2019-2020 X
Total nonemployer establishments, 2018 X
All firms, 2012 63,408
Men-owned firms, 2012 30,237
Women-owned firms, 2012 27,064
Minority-owned firms, 2012 29,983
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 29,521
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 5,070
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 54,217
Population per square mile, 2010 9,856.5
Land area in square miles, 2010 61.05
FIPS Code 1150000
Value Notes

Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.

Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. Click the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error.

The vintage year (e.g., V2021) refers to the final year of the series (2020 thru 2021). Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

Users should exercise caution when comparing 2016-2020 ACS 5-year estimates to other ACS estimates. For more information, please visit the 2020 5-year ACS Comparison Guidance page.

Fact Notes Value Flags

QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits.

  Is this page helpful?
Thumbs Up Image Yes    Thumbs Down Image No
No, thanks
255 characters remaining
Thank you for your feedback.
Comments or suggestions?