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July 2 marks the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. In addition, it provides for equal access to public places and employment. The passage of the act also enforced the desegregation of schools as required by the 1954 landmark Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides demographic data that are used to ensure compliance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and other antidiscrimination laws such as the Voting Rights Act and the Fair Housing Act. Here are some examples of Census Bureau data related to civil rights and diversity:
On July 17, 1964, the U.S. Census Bureau hosted an informal conference on computer applications for demographic research and analysis. At the meeting, the Census Bureau noted that it had developed programs for the UNIVAC computer to aggregate population data, prepare population projections, and construct population pyramids.
The Census Bureau’s Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation highlights the diversity of the labor force. The EEO Tabulation, based on 5-year American Community Survey data, serves as the primary external benchmark for comparing the race, ethnicity, and sex composition of an organization's internal workforce to the external labor market by geography and job category.
Questions or comments? E-mail the History Staff.