Introducing a new way to navigate by topics. Access the latest news, data, publications and more around topics of interest.
Our population statistics cover age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, migration, ancestry, language use, veterans, as well as population estimates and projections.
This section provides information on a range of educational topics, from educational attainment and school enrollment to school districts, costs and financing.
We measure the state of the nations workforce, including employment and unemployment levels, weeks and hours worked, occupations, and commuting.
Our statistics highlight trends in household and family composition, describe characteristics of the residents of housing units, and show how they are related.
Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation's overall well-being.
We measure the housing and construction industry, track homeownership rates, and produce statistics on the physical and financial characteristics of our homes.
The U.S. Census Bureau is the official source for U.S. export and import statistics and regulations governing the reporting of exports from the U.S.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the Federal, state and local governments as well as voting, redistricting, apportionment and congressional affairs.
Search an alphabetical index of keywords and phrases to access Census Bureau statistics, publications, products, services, data, and data tools.
Geography provides the framework for Census Bureau survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
Find resources on how to use geographic data and products with statistical data, educational blog postings, and presentations.
The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Find geographic data and products such as Shapefiles, KMLs, TIGERweb, boundary files, geographic relationship files, and reference and thematic maps.
Metropolitan and micropolitan areas are geographic entities used by Federal statistical agencies in collecting, tabulating, and publishing Federal statistics.
Find information about specific partnership programs and learn more about our partnerships with other organizations.
Definitions of geographic terms, why geographic areas are defined, and how the Census Bureau defines geographic areas.
We conduct research on geographic topics such as how to define geographic areas and how geography changes over time.
Visit our library of Census Bureau multimedia files. Collection formats include audio, video, mobile apps, images, and publications.
Official audio files from the Census Bureau, including "Profile America," a daily series of bite-sized statistics, placing current data in a historical context.
Infographics include information on the Census Bureau's history of data collection, our nation's veterans and the American Community Survey.
Stock photos that illustrate official Census Bureau operations and activities.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Access data through products and tools including data visualizations, mobile apps, interactive web apps and other software.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Learn more about our data from this collection of e-tutorials, presentations, webinars and other training materials. Sign up for training sessions.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Learn how we serve the public as the most reliable source of data about the nation's people and economy.
Information about the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about what we do at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Our researchers explore innovative ways to conduct surveys, increase respondent participation, reduce costs, and improve accuracy.
Our surveys provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about the nation, critical for government programs, policies, and decisionmaking.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Profile America is a daily, 60-second feature that uses interesting vignettes for that day to highlight information collected by the Census Bureau.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
In 1958, the former Army quartermaster depot in Jeffersonville, IN, located across the Ohio River from Louisville, KY, became a temporary Census Bureau facility to support the processing of the Agriculture and Economic censuses and the 1960 decennial census. Renamed the Data Preparation Division and then the National Processing Center (NPC) several years later, it became a permanent Census Bureau facility, taking on additional responsibilities for data processing and eventually for managing several telephone center operations.
The NPC was a quartermaster depot during the Civil War. In the early days of that conflict, a shirt factory was established in one of the buildings of the Jefferson General Hospital, the original occupant of the site. This factory made shirts and trousers for Army use. The garments were cut out by hand at the hospital and issued in bundles of four or eight to the widows, mothers and sisters of Union soldiers to assemble and return to the hospital a few days later for inspection. Later in the war, the Jeffersonville depot expanded to supply Union troops with clothing, harnesses, saddlery, hardtack, vehicles and various kinds of hardware.
In 1898, after the United States declared war on Spain, civilian employment at the depot increased from 71 to 160 persons. The number of workers who sewed uniforms in their homes grew from 200 to 1,200; they produced a total of 100,000 garments per month. At this time, the depot consisted of two permanent and seven temporary structures.
In 1916, the Jeffersonville facility was called upon to provide additional supplies to troops involved in activities along the Mexican border. In February 1917, the shirt department was enlarged. With the installation of electric cutting knives, three shifts of cutters could be employed; production increased by 90 percent as U.S. entry into World War I drew near.
At the height of World War I operations, 8,000 civilians, working under the supervision of 100 quartermaster officers, were employed at the depot, with more than 20,000 civilians recruited to sew in their homes. At its peak, the half-century-old depot had become the world’s largest shirt factory, producing over eight million shirts annually for the military.
Even though the shirt factory was moved to Philadelphia at the end of the war, many improvements and additions to the depot were made during the 1920’s and 1930’s. Facilities were expanded and the 24-hour work schedule was maintained. Research and development jobs were established and administrative functions were transferred to a new administrative building, now known as Building 66. Many permanent warehouses were also built, including Buildings 60, 61, 63, and 64, which are still used by the Census Bureau.
In 1942, the depot was awarded the coveted Army-Navy "E" award in recognition of its all-out effort in producing vital war materials.
By July 1945, the area of the Jeffersonville depot covered more than 10 city blocks, occupying 255.6 acres, the largest it had ever been. The number of permanent buildings increased to 150, with 42 miscellaneous structures. The Census Bureau now occupies many of these buildings, while others have become private residences and businesses.
During the Korean War (1950-1953), the Jeffersonville Quartermaster Depot again shouldered heavy supply responsibilities; civilian employment skyrocketed to 5,200, with supplies provided ranging from parachutes to refrigerated trailers. After the conflict, however, many of the depot’s responsibilities were shifted to other government installations; it was the end of an era at Jeffersonville.
The Jeffersonville Census Operations Office opened as a temporary facility on July 1, 1958 to prepare and process the Censuses of Business, Manufactures and Mineral Industries and the 1960 Census of Population and Housing. Activities included packaging and shipping equipment and supplies, preparing maps, preliminary processing of report forms and the distribution of printed reports.
After the 1960 census, the Census Bureau assigned additional processing and clerical work to the facility, along with special assignments for the Department of Defense, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. In 1962 the office was designated as a continuing service facility, with employment levels that would rise and fall as the workload warranted, and named the Data Processing Division.
In 1998, the Data Processing Division changed its name to the National Processing Center, to more accurately reflect its expanded processing duties. The NPC also assumed management responsibilities for the Hagerstown, MD, and Tucson, AZ telephone centers.
Today, the NPC is a 75-acre ultramodern data processing facility with the latest in telecommunications and computer processing technologies. Eleven buildings – more than one million square feet – house more than 3,100 personal computers and the workforce still expands and contracts depending upon work requirements, employing anywhere from 1,200 to 6,000 workers.