Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Collection of audio features and sound bites.
The Census Bureau packages data and information into easy-to-understand visuals.
Browse Census Bureau images.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
How we provide the best mix of timeliness, relevancy, quality, and cost for the data we collect.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Listen to audio files on fun facts, historical figures, and celebrations of the month.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
The Manufacturers' Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3) Survey is one of the U.S. Census Bureau's most important monthly surveys. The survey began in 1939 by the Office of Business Economics (OBE) to provide monthly estimates of change in manufacturing. The monthly industry survey conducted by OBE collected data at the total company level from a relatively small group of companies. Initially, OBE published only index numbers but later published dollar aggregates by benchmarking the monthly series to statistics of income data from the Internal Revenue Service.
In 1957, responsibility for conducting the monthly survey was transferred to the Census Bureau. Improvements were needed in the data and the Census Bureau was able to develop more detailed monthly data by increasing the sample size; by introducing divisional reporting from large, diversified companies; and benchmarking the survey to the Annual Survey of Manufactures.
Today, data from the M3 survey are widely used by government, business, and the academic world. Among the most important uses these data are the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) measurements of current investment in capital goods and estimates of the change in business inventories components of the gross national product. The data on new orders for durable goods provide one of the 12 series in the index of leading economic indicators. Another component of the index of leading indicators is net change in inventories which is developed by BEA using the M3 manufacturing data and monthly Retail and Wholesale Trades survey data for trade inventories.
For more information: