Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Information about the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about what we do at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
In 1950, the newly enacted Title 13, Section 161 [PDF], of the U.S. Code, required the U.S. Census Bureau to conduct a census of governments during years ending in "2" and "7." Although the Census Bureau completed preparatory work, data collection was not conducted in 1952 due to a lack of funding. As a result, the 1957 Census of Governments was the first conducted under provisions of the 1950 legislation.
Currently, the census of governments consists of three phases that include data collection from state and local governments, supplemented by data from the federal government. Phase 1 of the census is a directory survey of more than 89,000 local governments. This includes extensive legal research into government structure by state, as well as a mailout/mailback survey, and produces an updated list of all local governments and selected data.
Phase 2 of the census covers all federal (civilian agencies), state and local governments and expands the census-year annual employment survey from about 10,000 to more than 89,000 local governments. It relies on consolidated submissions from more than 30 states via Internet data collection and a mailout/mailback survey.
Census operations conclude with phase 3 of the census, which covers all state and local governments and expands the annual survey of state and local government finances (for that census year) from about 14,000 to more than 89,000 state and local governments. Phase 3 uses in-house data compilations of source documents for many of the state and largest local governments, consolidated data submissions (usually electronic files) from about 55,000 local governments, Internet data collection, and a mailout/mailback survey of the remaining governments.