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1870 Image Gallery

The 1870 census commenced on June 1, 1870, and was taken under the provisions of the Census Act of May 23, 1850. The Secretary of Interior appointed General Francis A. Walker Superintendent of the Ninth Census on February 7, 1870.

The 1870 census marked the first enumeration following the end of slavery and, therefore, counted all inhabitants of the United States on a single population schedule. The 1870 enumeration was completed on August 23, 1871, and a portion of the data was processed using a machine invented by Charles W. Seaton.

At its conclusion, the 1870 census reported the U.S. resident population as 38,558,371, a 26.6 percent increase from 1860.


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1870 Census Office
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"The Census Taker"
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Population Density Map
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Statistical Atlas Map
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Cyrus Guernsey Pringle
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1870 Questionnaire
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Francis Amasa Walker

Higher resolution images are availabe for download via a ZIP archive file. To select an image, check the box next to each image labeled "Add to Download". When you are ready, click the button labeled "Download".

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: February 25, 2013