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Census Instructions

1860 Instructions

Approximately 4,400 U.S. Marshals and their assistants conducted the 1860 census according to provisions of the 1850 Census Act. That act had stipulated that, according to the recommendation of the secretary of the interior, its provisions were to be adhered to for all future decennial censuses if no new authorizing legislation was passed by January 1 of the year in which the census was required.

1860 Instructions [PDF 2.81MB]

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: July 23, 2015