U.S. Department of Commerce

History

You are here: Census.govHistoryThrough the DecadesOverview › 1800 Overview
Skip top of page navigation

Overview

1800 Overview

1800

Census Day was August 4, 1800.

John Adams
John Adams was President of the United States
on Census Day, August 4, 1800.


Authorizing Legislation

An act of February 28, 1800 authorized the second census of the United States, which was to include the states and territories northwest of the Ohio River and Mississippi Territory. The census was to conclude within nine calendar months of its start.

The guidelines for the 1800 enumeration followed those of the first census, with only minor alterations in the law. John Marshall, secretary of state in 1800, was the nominal head of census operations. By early 1801, however, Marshall was chief justice of the Supreme Court. James Madison, his successor as secretary of state, oversaw the final tabulations and reported population totals to Congress and the president.






John Marshall
Secretary of State John Marshall was
nominal supervisor of the census on
Census Day, August 4, 1800.


Enumeration

The questionnaire provided space to separately tally free white males and females in several age categories: under 10, 10 but under 15, 16 but under 25, 25 but under 45, and over 45. Indians, slaves, and free blacks were listed in single categories undivided into age groups.

Further Information

A printable version of this page can be downloaded here [PDF 55KB].

[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe. This symbol Off Site indicates a link to a non-government web site. Our linking to these sites does not constitute an endorsement of any products, services or the information found on them. Once you link to another site you are subject to the policies of the new site.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: February 06, 2014