Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.
Read briefs and reports from Census Bureau experts.
Watch Census Bureau vignettes, testimonials, and video files.
Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts.
Developer portal to access services and documentation for the Census Bureau's APIs.
Explore Census Bureau data on your mobile device with interactive tools.
Find a multitude of DVDs, CDs and publications in print by topic.
These external sites provide more data.
Download extraction tools to help you get the in-depth data you need.
Explore Census data with interactive visualizations covering a broad range of topics.
Information about the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about what we do at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Learn about other opportunities to collaborate with us.
Explore the rich historical background of an organization with roots almost as old as the nation.
Explore prospective positions available at the U.S. Census Bureau.
Information about the current field vacancies available at the U.S. Census Bureau Regional Offices.
Discover the latest in Census Bureau data releases, reports, and events.
The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
Find interesting and quirky statistics regarding national celebrations and major events.
Find media toolkits, advisories, and all the latest Census news.
See what's coming up in releases and reports.
On August 22, 1996, President Clinton signed legislation passed by Congress and the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 became Public Law 104-193. The goals of this legislation were to end welfare dependence by promoting job preparation and work, encouraging the formation and maintenance of two-parent families and providing states increased flexibility to achieve these goals.
The legislation directed the U.S. Census Bureau to collect data necessary to evaluate the impact of the law from households previously interviewed during the 1992 and 1993 Survey of Income and Program Participation. Households were followed annually from 1997 to 2002. The resulting surveythe Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD)collected data providing details on the full range of state welfare programs along with social, economic, demographic, and family changes used to help or limit the effectiveness of the reforms.
For more information about this survey, visit the Census Bureau's Survey of Program Dynamics website.