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Business Formation Statistics

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Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are a standard data product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. BFS provide timely and high frequency information on new business applications and formations in the United States.

Monthly Report

Business Formation Statistics will be provided monthly at the national, regional, and state levels.

The August 2022 Business Formations Statistics Report was released on September 14, 2022 at 10:00 a.m., and is available as:

  • Latest Report:   PDF [468 KB]  

Business Formation Statistics data for August 2022 are also available in the csv file and data visualization below. For help with using the file, please visit the BFS Monthly Data Dictionary and the month date csv file.

  • July 2004 - present (Adjusted and Not Adjusted):   CSV [2,218 KB]  
Time Series/Trend Charts logo Time Series/Trend Charts: Use this link to access all Business Application series and Business Formation Series at both U.S. and State levels to create customizable time series. For detailed instructions on using this Time Series/Trend Charts application, please visit the Technical Documentation.

Weekly Data

Weekly data on Business Applications, Not Seasonally Adjusted are provided at the national, regional, and state levels. The weekly data are available in the csv files below. For help with using the CSV files, please visit the BFS Weekly Data Dictionary and the week date csv file.

  • Not Adjusted U.S. Business Applications:   CSV   
  • Not Adjusted Regional Business Applications:   CSV   
  • Not Adjusted State Business Applications:   CSV   

Annual County Data

Business Applications by County data will be provided annually.

Business Applications data by county for 2005-2021 were released on June 23, 2022 and are available in the Excel file and data visualization below. For help with using the file, please visit the BFS County Data Dictionary.

  • Business Applications by County:   Excel [509KB]  

[Excel] or the letters [xls] indicate a document is in the Microsoft® Excel® Spreadsheet Format (XLS). To view the file, you will need the Microsoft® Excel® Viewer Off Site available for free from Microsoft®.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Business Formation Statistics | 301-763-2000 |   Last Revised: September 16, 2022