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Business Formation Statistics

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The Business Formation Statistics (BFS) are an experimental data product of the U.S. Census Bureau developed in research collaboration with economists affiliated with Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, University of Maryland, and University of Notre Dame. The BFS provide timely and high frequency information on new business applications and formations in the United States. More information on Census Bureau Experimental Data products can be found here.

NEW Click here to view Annual County Business Applications.


Weekly Data

Business Applications, Not Seasonally Adjusted data will be provided weekly at the national, regional, and state levels for a limited time.


Due to quality concerns, Business Applications combined weeks 52 and 53 data was released on January 7, 2021. The Week 52 data that ended on December 26, 2020 and released on December 30, 2020 is being revised to now include the Week 53 data. With this revision, Week 52 now covers December 20, 2020 - January 2, 2021. Data is available in the csv files and data visualization below. For help with using the files, please visit the BFS Weekly Data Dictionary and the week date csv file.

  • Not Adjusted U.S. Business Applications:   CSV [41KB]  
  • Not Adjusted Regional Business Applications:   CSV [168KB]  
  • Not Adjusted State Business Applications:   CSV [1849KB]  



Quarterly Report

The Fourth Quarter 2020 Business Formation Statistics Report was released on January 14, 2021 at 10:00 a.m., and available as:

  • Latest Report:   PDF [869KB]  

Business Application Time Series:

  • 2004Q3 - present (Adjusted and Not Adjusted)    Excel [74kb]


Time Series/Trend Charts logo Time Series/Trend Charts: Use this link to access all Business Application series and Business Formation Series at both U.S. and State levels to create customizable time series. For detailed instructions on using this Time Series/Trend Charts application, please visit the Technical Documentation.



Annual County Data

new! Business Applications by County data will be provided annually.


Business Applications data by county for 2005-2019 were released on November 10, 2020 and are available in the Excel file and data visualization below. For help with using the file, please visit the BFS County Data Dictionary.

  • Business Applications by County:   Excel [367KB]  


[PDF] or PDF denotes a file in Adobe’s Portable Document Format. To view the file, you will need the Adobe® Reader® Off Site available free from Adobe. [Excel] or the letters [xls] indicate a document is in the Microsoft® Excel® Spreadsheet Format (XLS). To view the file, you will need the Microsoft® Excel® Viewer Off Site available for free from Microsoft®.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Business Formation Statistics | 301-763-2000 |   Last Revised: January 08, 2021