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Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park poster

Yellowstone National Park is the oldest and probably best known national park in the United States. The park was established by legislation signed by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872.

Yellowstone National Park resides in the states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. When the park was established, the population of the three states was 44,712. The 2010 Census found Wyoming's population had grown to 563,626; Montana's was 989,415; and Idaho was home to 1,567,582.

The park's greatest features—and primary reason Yellowstone National Park was established—are the existence of the majority of the world's geysers, including the "Old Faithful" geyser depicted on this poster. Although not the largest geyser in Yellowstone National park, Old Faithful erupts more frequently than any of the other big geysers. It was named for its consistent performance by members of the Washburn Expedition in 1870. Although its average interval has lengthened through the years (due to earthquakes and vandalism), Old Faithful eruptions still occur every 60 to 110 minutes. The geysers 1 1/2 to 5 minute long eruptions can blast 3,700 to 8,400 gallons of boiling water as high as 184 feet into the air.

Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge

During his presidency (August 2, 1923-March 4, 1929), Calvin Coolidge established three national parks—Shenandoah on May 22, 1926; Bryce Canyon on February 25, 1928; and Grand Teton on February 26, 1929. In establishing these parks, Coolidge protected approximately 544,875 acres of wildlife habitat, untouched wilderness, and unique vistas and natural wonders. In 2013, more than 4.1 million people visited these parks to hike, fish, hunt, birdwatch, and enjoy many other outdoor activities.

Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Bryce Canyon National Park

Bryce Canyon

Bryce Canyon National Park is located in southwestern Utah. Despite its name, Bryce Canyon is not a canyon but a collection of giant natural amphitheaters along the eastern side of the Paunsaugunt Plateau. Bryce Canyon is famous for its "hoodoos"—pillars of multicolored sandstone formed by frost and water erosion of the area's sedimentary rocks. The Bryce Canyon area was settled by Mormon pioneers in the 1850s and was named after Ebenezer Bryce, who homesteaded in the area in the 1870s and 1880s. The area around Bryce Canyon became a National Monument in 1923 and President Calvin Coolidge designated 35,835 acres as Bryce Canyon National Park on February 25, 1928.

Photo courtesy of the National Park Service.

Horatio Nelson Jackson and his 1903 Winton Automobile

Horatio Nelson Jackson and his 1903 Winton Automobile On February 18, 1907, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that automobile manufacturing grew 461% between 1900 and 1905. Data from the 1905 Census of Manufacturing also found that of the 22,830 automobiles built in 1905, 86.2% were propelled by gasoline, 7.2% by steam, and 6.6 by electricity.

Early motorists found the nation's road network consisted of little more than muddy cart paths once they drove beyond the borders of major cities. When Horatio Nelson Jackson completed the first transcontinental automobile trip between San Francisco [PDF 15KB] and New York City in 1903, the journey in his 1903 Winton (pictured left) took 63 days to complete! Today, a family can comfortably drive from coast to coast in 3 to 4 days and daring rally drivers have (illegally) made the journey in less than 32 hours!

Photo courtesy of the Smitshonian Institution.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 05, 2014