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Fast Facts

POP Culture: 1800

ICONS: Lewis & Clark, Louisiana Purchase, Robert Fulton's Steamboat
Lewis and Clark Louisiana Purchase Robert Fulton

  • John Chapman (a.k.a. Johnny Appleseed) begins handing out apple seeds and seedlings to Ohio settlers in 1800.
  • The U.S. Library of Congress is founded on April 24, 1800.
  • The United States and North African Berber Muslims fight the First Barbary War from 1801 to 1805 in an effort to halt Barbary pirates' attacks upon American merchant shipping.
  • The "District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801" creates the planned city and capital of the United States under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
  • The first edition of the New York Post is published November 16, 1801.
  • Martha Washington, America's first "First Lady" dies May 22, 1802, at Mount Vernon, VA.
  • Lewis and Clark begin their expedition to map the northwest United States on May 14, 1804.
  • Alexander Hamilton dies following a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr on July 11, 1804.
  • Painter Charles Willson Peale establishes the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1805.
  • Noah Webster publishes his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language in 1806.
  • President Thomas Jefferson signs "The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves of 1807" into law on March 3, 1807, ending the transatlantic slave trade.
  • On April 11, 1803, while negotiating to purchase New Orleans, LA, from the French for $10 million, the U.S. delegation headed by Robert R. Livingston is dumbfounded to be offered the 828,800 square mile "Louisiana Purchase" instead for $15 million. Livingston accepts without consulting President Thomas Jefferson to prevent Napoleon from rescinding the offer.
  • On February 11, 1809, Robert Fulton patents his steamboat and soon after begins offering services on major rivers and the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Future 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln is born on February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, KY.

The 1800 Census


10 Largest Urban Places

U.S. Resident Population: 5,308,483 Rank Place Population
Population per square mile of land area: 6.1 1 New York City, NY 60,515
Percent increase of population from 1790 to 1800: 35.1 2 Philadelphia, PA 41,220
Official Enumeration Date: August 4 3 Baltimore, MD 26,514
Number of States: 16 4 Boston town, MA 24,937
Cost: $66,000 5 Charleston, SC 18,824
Cost per Capita (cents): 1.2 6 Northern Liberties township, PA 10,718
Total Pages in Published Reports: 74 7 Southwark district, PA 9,621
Number of Enumerators: 900 (est.) 8 Salem town, MA 9,457
Number of Office Staff: 9 Providence town, RI 7,614
Census Bureau Director: John Marshall 10 Norfolk borough, VA 6,926
Number of Questions Asked: 6

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 14, 2023