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Fast Facts

POP Culture: 1810

ICONS: Chief Tecumseh, War of 1812, Erie Canal
Chief Tecumseh War of 1812 Erie Canal

  • On June 23, 1810, John Jacob Astor founds the Pacific Fur Company. The success of this trading company would make him the United States' first multi-millionaire and even when adjusted for inflation, one of the richest men in American history.
  • Steam-powered ferry service between New York City and Hoboken, NJ, begins on October 11, 1811.
  • On November 6, 1811, American troops led by William Henry Harrison defeat the American Indian chief Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
  • A magnitude 8.3 earthquake (the strongest ever recorded in the continental United States) strikes near New Madrid, MO, temporarily reversing the course of the Mississippi River on February 2, 1812.
  • British soldiers burn the White House and other government buildings on August 24, 1814.
  • Francis Scott Key writes "The Star Spangled Banner" while witnessing the September 13-14, 1814, bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor.
  • On September 23, 1815, the "Great September Gail of 1815" begins in New England, marking the first hurricane (a category 3) to strike the region since 1635.
  • Construction begins on the Erie Canal in Rome, NY, on July 4, 1817.
  • The thirteen stars and stripes configuration of the U.S. flag is officially adopted by Congress on April 4, 1818.
  • Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia on January 25, 1819.
  • The first installment of Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle appears in the May 1819 edition of The Sketch Book.
  • The American steamship "Savannah" crosses the Atlantic Ocean in 29 days, arriving in Liverpool, England, on June 20, 1819.

The 1810 Census


10 Largest Urban Places

U.S. Resident Population: 7,239,881 Rank Place Population
Population per square mile of land area: 4.3 1 New York City, NY 96,373
Percent increase of population from 1800 to 1810: 36.4 2 Philadelphia, PA 53,722
Official Enumeration Date: August 6 3 Baltimore, MD 46,555
Number of States: 17 4 Boston town, MA 33,787
Cost: $178,000 5 Charleston, SC 24,711
Cost per Capita (cents): 2.4 6 Northern Liberties township, PA 19,874
Total Pages in Published Reports: 469 7 New Orleans, LA 17,242
Number of Enumerators: 1,100 (est.) 8 Southwark district, PA 13,707
Number of Office Staff: 9 Salem town, MA 12,613
Census Bureau Director: Robert Smith 10 Albany, NY 10,762
Number of Questions Asked: 7

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 05, 2022