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Fast Facts

POP Culture: 1830

ICONS: Emily Dickinson, Andrew Jackson, La Amistad
Emily Dickinson Andrew Jackson La Amistad

  • Poet Emily Dickinson is born on December 10, 1830, in Amherst, MA.
  • In 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville and his friend Gustave de Beaumont spent nine months touring America. The book that de Tocqueville wrote following the trip, Democracy in America, is published in 1835.
  • The first reported bank robbery in U.S. history occurs at the City Bank of New York on March 19, 1831.
  • Democrat Andrew Jackson is re-elected president over his opponents, gathering 216 electoral votes to National Republican candidate Henry Clay's 49.
  • The first attempted assassination of a U.S. president (Andrew Jackson) fails when Richard Lawrence's gun misfires on January 30, 1835.
  • Cyrus McCormick patents "Improvement in Machines for Reaping Small Grain" (a horse-drawn grain reaper) on June 21, 1834.
  • P.T. Barnum begins his first circus tour of the United States on June 2, 1835.
  • The Mexican Army and militia (loyal to Texas) battle for the Alamo from February 23 to March 6, 1836, in San Antonio, TX. Less than 2 months later (April 21), the Texans capture Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto and kill approximately 650 Mexican soldiers.
  • Following months of increasing inflation and shrinking credit, the Panic of 1837 begins, causing widespread bank failures and unemployment.
  • During 1838, the forced removal of 15,000-17,000 Cherokee Indians from Georgia on the "Trail of Tears" results in an estimated 4,000-8,000 deaths.
  • Charles Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber in 1839.
  • On July 2, 1839, Sengbe Pieh and 56 fellow Africans mutiny aboard the ship La Armistad enroute to Cuba. The ship is captured off Long Island, NY, and the resulting U.S. Supreme Court case rules that since the importation of slaves into the United States had been prohibited since 1808, the mutineers are to be freed.
  • Edgar Allen Poe publishes The Fall of the House of Usher in the September 1839 edition of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine.

The 1830 Census


10 Largest Urban Places

U.S. Resident Population: 12,860,702 Rank Place Population
Population per square mile of land area: 7.4 1 New York City, NY 202,589
Percent increase of population from 1820 to 1830: 33.5 2 Baltimore, MD 80,620
Official Enumeration Date: June 1 3 Philadelphia, PA 80,462
Number of States: 24 4 Boston town, MA 61,392
Cost: $379,000 5 New Orleans, LA 46,082
Cost per Capita (cents): 2.9 6 Charleston, SC 30,289
Total Pages in Published Reports: 214 7 Northern Liberties township, PA 28,872
Number of Enumerators: 1,519 8 Cincinnati, OH 24,831
Number of Office Staff: 43 9 Albany, NY 24,209
Census Bureau Director: Martin Van Buren 10 Southwark district, PA 20,581
Number of Questions Asked: 12

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Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Census History Staff | Last Revised: December 14, 2023